A Review on the Effect of Environmental Conditions on Concrete Evaporation and Bleeding

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 7)

Abstract

The formation of plastic shrinkage crack increases on the fresh concrete placed in hot and windy conditions. The cracks affect the durability of the concrete in a negative way. This type of cracking is mostly seen on slabs, pavements, beams and other flat concrete surfaces. Many factors influence evaporation, which is the main source of cracks. Evaporation is the function of climatic variables like relative humidity, temperature and speed of wind. In this study, experimental results of plastic shrinkage obtained from the literature are examined and compared to predict the effect of environmental conditions on evaporation and bleeding of concrete.

Keywords

Concrete Evaporation Bleeding Humidity Temperature 

References

  1. 1.
    Uno PJ (1998) Plastic shrinkage and evaporation formulas. ACI Mater J 95:365–375Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Topçu İB (2005) Raising of water and evaporation from freshly placed concrete surface. In: ICCE 12, twelve international conferences on composites or nano engineering, TenerifeGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Topçu İB, Elgün VB (2004) Influence of concrete properties on bleeding and evaporation. Cem Concr Res 34:275–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Berhane Z (1984) Evaporation of water from fresh mortar and concrete at different environmental conditions. ACI J Proc 81:560–565Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hasanain GS, Khalaf TA, Mahmood K (1989) Water evaporation from freshly placed concrete surfaces in hot weather. Cem Concr Res 19:465–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Elgün VB (2003) Influence of concrete properties on bleeding and evaporation. M.Sc. Thesis, Osmangazi University, Science Institute, EskişehirGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Öztekin E, Özkul MH (1994) The effect of concrete composition and environmental conditions on plastic shrinkage. In: Proceedings of the national concrete congress, İstanbul, vol 3, pp 163–74Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Saman TA, Mirza WH, Wafa FF (1996) Plastic shrinkage cracking of normal and high strength concrete: a comparative study. ACI Mater J 93:36–40Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Almusallam AA, Maslehuddin M, Abdulwaris M, Dakhil FH, Al-Amoudi OSB (1999) Plastic shrinkage cracking of blended cement concretes in hot environments. Mag Concr Res 51:241–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Powers TC (1968) The properties of fresh concrete. Wiley, London, pp 533–603Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Powers TC (1939) The bleeding of Portland cement paste, mortar and concrete. Portland Cem Assoc Bull 2:465–480Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Steinour HH (1945) Further studies of the bleeding of Portland cement paste. Portland Cem Assoc Bull 4:1–87Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Akman MS (1996) The troubles of superplasticizers on fresh concrete workability. In: 4th National concrete congress, İstanbul, pp 55–71Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Özkul MH, Başkoca A, Artırma S (1997) Influence of prolonged agitation on water movement related properties of water reducer and retarder admixtured concretes. Cem Concr Res 27:721–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tamimi AK (1994) The effects of a new mixing technique on the properties of the cement paste-aggregate interface. Cem Concr Res 24:1299–1304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Almusallam AA (2001) Effect of environmental conditions on the properties of fresh and hardened concrete. Cem Concr Compos 23:353–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Civil EngineeringEskişehir Osmangazi UniversityEskişehirTurkey
  2. 2.Porsuk Vocational School, Department of ConstructionAnadolu UniversityEskişehirTurkey

Personalised recommendations