Two Types of Community Organization in Urban Africa

  • Motoji Matsuda


Matsuda discusses urban organizations with a focus on Nairobi, Kenya. He examines those promoted by international aid agencies, national governments or large non-governmental organizations (NGOs), led by highly educated individuals and based on internationally recognized principles—such as democracy, transparency and an audit system—and those formed from within communities without any special leadership or formal principles and based on local residents’ everyday life knowledge and wisdom. Organizations of the first kind are well structured and may deal with large-scale development projects. Those of the second kind tend to emerge almost spontaneously and are inherently unstable; as they usually lack a set philosophy and a clear structure, they arise and disappear as core issues arise and are settled. Matsuda discusses the limits of the first type and the creative potential of the second, and he attempts to evaluate their potential effectiveness.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motoji Matsuda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Graduate School of LettersKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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