The Environment and Forests in Vietnam

  • Ngoc Anh Cao
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Green Criminology book series (PSGC)


This chapter is designed to provide basic information on Vietnam’s environment and forests, which is essential for understanding timber trafficking, its impacts on human security and for recommending appropriate solutions to tackle the crime in the country. To achieve this, the chapter will be sub-divided into three sections. The first section will look at the main environmental issues in Vietnam including the problem of environmental crime and a number of drivers of these problems. The information in this section will help readers contextualise its findings on the typology and drivers of timber trafficking as a major form of environmental crime in Vietnam. The second section will introduce the country’s forest resources and then evaluate their significance to the Vietnamese, particularly for forest-based inhabitants, as well as for the booming industry of timber processing in Vietnam. An understanding of the forest’s significance is essential to appreciate various detrimental impacts of timber trafficking and its inescapable outcome—forest loss. This section will also examine the long-lasting tradition of consuming endangered timber, which plays a key role in facilitating the illicit market of timber in the country. The final section of the chapter will introduce Vietnamese legislation and law enforcement concerning timber trafficking.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Ngoc Anh Cao
    • 1
  1. 1.People’s Security AcademyHanoiVietnam

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