A Prediction Mode-Based Information Hiding Approach for H.264/AVC Videos Minimizing the Impacts on Rate-Distortion Optimization

  • Yu WangEmail author
  • Yun Cao
  • Xianfeng Zhao
  • Linna Zhou
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10431)


In this paper, with the data representation named intra prediction mode (IPM), an effective data hiding approach, called MIRO, integrated with H.264/AVC compression is proposed. The main principle is to minimize the embedding impacts on the video coding efficiency. First, a novel distortion function of individual IPM is designed reflecting its impact on Rate-Distortion Optimization. Secondly, the embedding structure based on syndrome-trellis codes (STCs) and interleaved sub-lattices are leveraged to minimize the overall embedding distortion. Comparative experimental results have demonstrated that, with similar embedding rates, the proposed method has much lower impacts on coding efficiency (both on the visual quality and compression efficiency) compared to other schemes.


Information hiding H.264/AVC Intra prediction Rate-distortion 



This work was supported by the NSFC under U1636102, U1536207 and U1536105, and National Key Technology R&D Program under 2014BAH41B01, 2016YFB0801003, 2016QY15Z2500 and 2016YFB0801405.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yun Cao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xianfeng Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Linna Zhou
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Information SecurityInstitute of Information Engineering, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Cyber SecurityUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Information Science and TechnologyUniversity of International RelationsBeijingChina

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