Extreme Pulse Dynamics in Mode-Locked Lasers

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 199)


This chapter is devoted to dissipative solitons that produce sharp peaks (spikes) on top of its high amplitude central part. The peak amplitude of these spikes can exceed several times the amplitude of the soliton base. This unusual phenomenon is found for solutions of the complex cubic-quintic Ginzburg-Landau equation (CGLE) in a special region of its free parameters. Depending on them, the spikes can appear chaotically or regularly. Both regimes are discussed in this chapter. The spikes with chaotic appearance can be considered as rogue waves and the probability density function confirms this. The solitons with spikes can also be considered as noise-like pulses that have been discussed in several recent publications without actually revealing the nature of the noise. The wide spectrum of these pulses suggests their application for generation of super-continuum directly out of lasers. The transition from regular to chaotic dynamics can be used in experiments to investigate this new interesting phenomenon.



The authors acknowledge the support of the Australian Research Council (DE130101432, DP140100265 and DP15102057). The work of JMSC was supported by MINECO under contract TEC2015-71127-C2-1-R, and by C.A.M. under contract S2013/MIT-2790. JMSC and NA acknowledge the support of the Volkswagen Foundation.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Optical Sciences Group, Research School of Physics and EngineeringThe Australian National UniversityActonAustralia
  2. 2.Instituto de ÓpticaC.S.I.C.MadridSpain

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