Genesis of Islands

  • Beate M. W. Ratter


This chapter deals with the various primary processes of island genesis (volcanic, tecto-orogenetic, sedimentary or coralline) before addressing secondary processes such as isostatic subsidence, emersion, marine ingression, erosion, horizontal and vertical drift as well as doming. In most cases islands are formed as a result of several processes, although this varies with island size: the smaller the island, the more likely it is that a single dominant process is responsible for its genesis. Examples are provided for each of the different island types.


Primary and secondary island formation processes Plate tectonics Volcanism Zoogenous processes Emergence Built-up Subsidence Dislocation Doming 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beate M. W. Ratter
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Coastal ResearchHelmholtz Zentrum GeesthachtGeesthachtGermany

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