Advertisement

Introduction to the Geography of Small Islands

  • Beate M. W. Ratter
Chapter
  • 783 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter introduces the phenomenon of islands as an object of geographical research. It focuses on the specialities and singularities of islands, opening up a field of tension between internal and external views and questioning existing stereotypes on vulnerability and romantic ascriptions to islands within this. Space is a significant factor of influence in terms of the mutual relationship between space and society, in the sense of analysing and assessing the significance of space for society and, in return, the significance of societal relations for the development of space. The development of islands is influenced by the spatial categories of isolation, distance/remoteness, size/smallness and insularity/islandness, as well as networking/connectedness, and not only within the context of ongoing globalisation.

Keywords

Island spatiality Isolation Remoteness Smallness Insularity Connectedness Vulnerability Globalisation 

References

  1. Anderson, Atholl. 2007. Island archaeology. In A world of islands. An island studies reader, ed. Baldacchino, Godfrey, 237–266. Charlottetown, P.E.I/Luqa: Institute of Island Studies in collaboration with Agenda Academic.Google Scholar
  2. Baldacchino, Godfrey. 2004. The impact of bridges and other “fixed links” on island communities: When small islands are connected to mainlands. In ISLANDS of the WORLD VIII International Conference “Changing Islands – Changing Worlds” 1-7 November 2004, ed. K. J. Lee, and Huei-Min Tsai, Kinmen Island (Quemoy), 99–110. Taiwan. Digital version available at: http://island.giee.ntnu.edu.tw/ISISA2004/ISISA8/013 4-1-A-2 Godfrey Baldacchino.pdf
  3. ———. 2005. The contribution of ‘social capital’ to economic growth: Lessons from island jurisdictions. The Round Table 94 (378): 31–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. ———. 2007. Introducing a world of islands. In A world of islands. An island studies reader, ed. Godfrey Baldacchino, 1–29. Charlottetown, P.E.I/Luqa: Institute of Island Studies in collaboration with Agenda Academic.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 2008. Studying islands: On whose terms? Some epistemological and methodological challenges to the pursuit of island studies. Island Studies Journal 3 (1): 37–56.Google Scholar
  6. Barnett, Jon, and John Campbell. 2010. Climate change and small island states: Power, knowledge, and the South Pacific, 218 pp. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  7. Barnett, Jon, and W. Neil Adger. 2003. Climate dangers and atoll countries. Climatic Change 61 (3): 321–337. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CLIM.0000004559.08755.88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bernardie-Tahir, Nathalie. 2011. L’usage de l’île. Paris. Coll. «Des îles», 510 pp. Paris: Éditions Pétra.Google Scholar
  9. ———. 2014. French geographers and islands: from the idealization of the field to the denial of the object epistemological approaches. Unpublished paper, ISISA Conference 2014. A contribution to sub-theme 10. A4 Nissology – study of islands on their own terms, 12 pp. Penghu, TaiwanGoogle Scholar
  10. Bertram, Geoff, and Bernard Poirine. 2007. Island political economy. In A world of islands. An island studies reader, ed. Godfrey Baldacchino, 325–375. Charlottetown, P.E.I/Luqa: Institute of Island Studies in collaboration with Agenda Academic.Google Scholar
  11. Billig, Volkmar. 2010. Inseln – Geschichte einer Faszination, 302 pp. Berlin: Matthes & Seitz.Google Scholar
  12. Brookfield, H.C. 1990. An approach to islands. In Sustainable development and environmental management of small islands, ed. William S. Beller, Pier Giovanni D’Ajala, and Philippe Hein, 23–34. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  13. Campbell, John. 2009. Islandness. Vulnerability and resilience in Oceania. Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures 3 (1): 85–97.Google Scholar
  14. CIA – Central Intelligence Agency. 2016. The CIA World Factbook 2017. Skyhorse Publishing, 1114 pp. New York. Digital version available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  15. Clark, Eric. 2009. Island development. In International encyclopedia of human geography, ed. Rob Kitchin and Nigel J. Thrift, 607–610. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Clark, Eric, and Thomas L. Clark. 2009. Isolating connections – Connecting isolations. Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography 91 (4): 311–323. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0467.2009.00324.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dahl, Arthur Lyon. 1986. Review of the protected areas system in Oceania, 239 pp. Cambridge/Gland: IUCN/UNEPGoogle Scholar
  18. Dahl, Arthur. 1998. Island Directory. Basic environmental and geographic information on the significant islands of the world. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Digital version available at: http://islands.unep.ch/isldir.htm. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017. Content last updated 14 September 2004.
  19. de St Exupéry, Antoine. 1943. The little prince. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock.Google Scholar
  20. Debarbieux, Bernard. 1995. Le lieu, le territoire et trois figures de rhétorique. L’Espace géographique 24 (2): 97–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Depraetere, Christian. 2008. The challenge of nissology: A global outlook on the world archipelago part I: Scene setting the world archipelago. Island Studies Journal 3(1): 3–16. Digital version available at: http://www.islandstudies.ca/sites/vre2.upei.ca.islandstudies.ca/files/ISJ-3-1-2008-Depraetere1-FINAL_0.pdf. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  22. Depraetere, Christian, and Arthur L. Dahl. 2007. Island locations and classifications. In A world of islands. An island studies reader, ed. Godfrey Baldacchino, 57–105. Charlottetown, P.E.I/Luqa: Institute of Island Studies in collaboration with Agenda Academic.Google Scholar
  23. Dicken, Peter. 2011. Global shift. Mapping the changing contours of the world economy. 632 pp. New York/London: SAGE Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
  24. DOALOS – United Nations Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea. 2001. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. Office of Legal Affairs, United Nations. Digital version available at: http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/closindx.htm. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  25. Fischer, Steven Roger. 2012. Islands. From Atlantis to Zanzibar, 336 pp. London: Reaktion Books.Google Scholar
  26. Fitzpatrick, Scott, Jon Erlandson, Atholl Anderson, and Patrick Kirch. 2007. Straw boats and the proverbial sea: A response to island archaeology: In search of a new horizon. Island Studies Journal 2 (2): 229–238.Google Scholar
  27. Foster, J. Bristol. 1964. The evolution of mammals on islands. Nature 202 (4929): 234–235. https://doi.org/10.1038/202234a0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Frisk, Hjalmar. 1970. Griechisches etymologisches Wörterbuch Band II [κρ-ω], 1155 pp. HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  29. FT, Financial Times Ltd. 2016. Lexicon, Definition of globalisation. Digital version available at: http://lexicon.ft.com/Term?term=globalisation. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  30. Ganzhorn, Jörg U., Jean-Luc Mercier, and Lucienne Wilmé. 2016. Inseln als Modelle für Evolution – Zusammenleben und Schutz von Biodiversität. In Biogeographie und Biodiversität. Hamburger Symposium Geographie, Band 8, ed. Schickhoff, Udo, 39–57. Hamburg, Institut für Geographie der Universität Hamburg.Google Scholar
  31. Gillis, John R. 2003. Taking history offshore: Atlantic Islands in European minds, 1400-1800. In Islands in history and representation, ed. Rod Edmond and Vanessa Smith, 19–31. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. ———. 2004. Islands of the mind: How the human imagination created the Atlantic World, 217 pp. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  33. ———. 2007. Island Sojourns. The Geographical Review 97 (2): 274–287. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1931-0846.2007.tb00403.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. ———. 2014. Not continents in miniature: Islands as ecotones. Island Studies Journal 9 (1): 155–166.Google Scholar
  35. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. 1808. Faust. Eine Tragödie von Goethe, 309 pp. Tübingen: J. G. Cotta’schen Buchhandlung. http://www.deutschestextarchiv.de/book/show/goethe_faust01_1808
  36. Gosden, Chris, and Christina Pavlides. 1994. Are islands insular? Landscape versus seascape in the case of the Arawe Islands, Papua New Guinea. Archaeology in Oceania 29 (1): 162–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Grimm, Jacob, and Wilhelm Grimm. 1971. Deutsches Wörterbuch. I-XVI. 16 Bde. in 32 Teilbänden. Band 3. Leipzig 1854-1961. Quellenverzeichnis Leipzig 1971. Leipzig. Digital version available at http://woerterbuchnetz.de/DWB/?sigle=DWB&mode=Vernetzung&lemid=GE01265 - XGE01265. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  38. Hau'ofa, Epeli. 2008. We are the Ocean. Selected works, 216 pp. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.Google Scholar
  39. Hay, John E. 2013a. Small island developing states: Coastal systems, global change and sustainability. Sustainability Science 8 (3): 309–326. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-013-0214-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hay, Pete. 2013b. What the sea portends: A reconsideration of contested island tropes. Island Studies Journal 8 (2): 209–232.Google Scholar
  41. Helliwell, John F., Richard Layard, and Jeffrey D. Sachs (eds.). 2016. World Happiness Report 2016, Update (Vol. I). Sustainable Development Solutions Network, 70 pp. New York. Digital version available at: http://worldhappiness.report/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2016/03/HR-V1_web.pdf. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  42. Hofmann, Johann B. 1950. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Griechischen. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 433 pp. Darmstadt: DarmstadtGoogle Scholar
  43. Integrated Island Database (IIDAB). 2016. Integrated Island Database (IIDAB) Search. Institut für Geographie, Universität Hamburg. Digital version available at: http://www.island-database.uni-hamburg.de/search.php - suche. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  44. Kelman, Ilan, and Shabana Khan. 2013. Progressive climate change and disasters: Island perspectives. Natural Hazards 69 (1): 1131–1136. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-013-0721-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Lattas, Andrew. 2007. Cargo cults and the politics of alterity: A review article. Anthropological Forum 17 (2): 149–161. https://doi.org/10.1080/00664670701438407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Liu, Ken. 2016. The paper menagerie and other stories, 449 pp. London: Saga Press.Google Scholar
  47. McCall, Grant. 1994. Nissology: The study of islands. Journal of the Pacific Society 17 (2): 1–14.Google Scholar
  48. Menard, Henry W. 1987. Inseln. Geologie und Geschichte von Land im Meer. Original published 1986 by Scientific American Books Inc. New York. Spektrum Verlag, 207 pp. Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  49. Mieth, Andreas, and Hans-Rudolf Bork. 2009. Inseln der Erde. Landschaften und Kulturen, 208 pp. Darmstadt: Primus Verlag.Google Scholar
  50. Morgan, Peter. 1990. A high tide in the Caribbean, 283 pp. St. Michael, Barbados: Caribbean CommunicationsGoogle Scholar
  51. Olausson, Pär M. 2007. Autonomy and islands: A global study of the factors that determine island autonomy. Turku: Abo Akademi University Press, 275 pp, Digital version available at: http://www.doria.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/33681/OlaussonPar.pdf?sequence=2. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  52. Péron, Françoise. 1993. Des îles et des hommes: l’insularité aujourd’hui, 287 pp. Rennes: Éditions de la Cité, Éditions Ouest-France.Google Scholar
  53. Persoon, Gerard F., and Huub de Jonge. 2007. Living behind Dikes & Dams. The Transformation of the Dutch Island Societies of Urk & Noord-Beveland. In Bridging islands – The impact of fixed links, ed. Godfrey Baldacchino, 237–250. Charlottetown: Acorn Press.Google Scholar
  54. Petzold, Jan. 2016. Limitations and opportunities of social capital for adaptation to climate change: A case study on the Isles of Scilly. The Geographical Journal 182 (2): 123–134. https://doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. ———. 2017. Social capital, resilience and adaptation on small islands. Climate change on the Isles of Scilly. Climate change management series, 223 pp. Berlin/Heidelberg/Wiesbaden: SpringerGoogle Scholar
  56. Quammen, David. 1996. The Song of the Dodo. Island Biogeography in an age of extinctions, 702 pp. New York: Touchstone.Google Scholar
  57. Ratter, Beate M.W. 1988. Die Rolle der Raumperzeption in der nationalen Seerechtspolitik. – Das Beispiel der großen Antillen. Geographische Zeitschrift 76 (4): 225–238.Google Scholar
  58. ———. 1992. Karibische Netze. San Andrés y Providencia und die Cayman Islands zwischen weltwirtschaftlicher Integration und regionalkultureller Autonomie, 269 pp. Hamburg: WayasbahGoogle Scholar
  59. ———. 1996. Complex resource management – Requirements for sustainable development on small Caribbean Islands. In: Ratter, Beate M.W. and Gerhard Sandner: Small Islands, Large Questions. Introduction to a Special Issue. Geographische Zeitschrift 84(2): 114–124.Google Scholar
  60. Ratter, Beate M.W., and Gerhard Sandner. 1996. Small islands, large questions. Introduction to a special issue. Geographische Zeitschrift 84 (2): 63–66.Google Scholar
  61. Relph, Edward. 1976. Place and placelessness. London: Pion. 156 pp.Google Scholar
  62. Riquet, Johannes. 2014. The aesthetics of island space: Perception, ideology, geopoetics, 289 pp. Doctoral dissertation. University of Zurich, Faculty of ArtsGoogle Scholar
  63. Royle, Stephen A. 2001. A geography of islands. Small island insularity. Routledge studies in human geography, 237 pp. London/New York: RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  64. ———. 2014. Islands: Nature and culture. Earth, 224 pp. Chicago: Reaktion BooksGoogle Scholar
  65. Seebold, Elmar (ed.) 1993. Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. Friedrich Kluge. 23rd edition edited by Elmar Seebold, 922 pp. Berlin/New York: Walter de GruyterGoogle Scholar
  66. Smith, Roy. 2006. Editor’s Preface. When is an Island not an Island? Journal of Developing Societies 22 (3): 227–234. https://doi.org/10.1177/0169796X06068030.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Steele, Fritz. 1981. The sense of place, 216 pp. Boston: CBI Pub Co.Google Scholar
  68. Taglioni, F. 2006. Les petits espaces insulaires face à la vairiabilité de leur insularité et de leur statut politique. Annales de Géographie 115 (652): 664–687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Taylor, Peter J., Michael J. Watts, and Ron J. Johnston. 1995. Remapping the World. What Sort of Map? What Sort of World? In Geographies of Global Changes. Remapping the World in the Late Twentieth Century, ed. Peter J. Taylor, Michael J. Watts, and Ron J. Johnston, 377–385. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  70. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. 2015. Island. Encyclopædia Britannica online, last updated 12-9-2015. Digital version available at: https://www.britannica.com/science/island - ref234009. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  71. Tomlinson, John. 1999. Globalization and culture, 248 pp. Chicago: University of Chicago PressGoogle Scholar
  72. Tuan, Yi-Fu. 1974. Topophilia: A study of environmental perception, attitudes, and values, 260 pp. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  73. ———. 1977. Space and place. The perspective of experience, 496 pp. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  74. UN – United Nations. 2016. UN Member States. On the Record. What are Member States? Digital version available at: http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/unms/whatisms.shtml [13.1.2017].
  75. UN DESA – United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. 2016. International Migration Report 2015. Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/375). New York: United Nations, 36 pp. Digital version available at: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/publications/migrationreport/docs/MigrationReport2015_Highlights.pdf. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  76. UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme. 1991. Island directory – By Arthur L. Dahl. UNEP Regional Seas Directories and Bibliographies No. 35. UNEP, 573 pp. Nairobi, (out of print). Digital new version available at: http://islands.unep.ch/isldir.htm. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017. Content last updated 14 September 2004.
  77. ———. 2014. GEO Small Island Developing States Outlook. United Nations Environment Programme. Nairobi. Digital version available at: http://www.uneplive.org/media/docs/region/59/GEO_SIDS_final.pdf. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  78. Vaniček, Alois. 1972. Griechisch-lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Band II. Representation of the 1877 edition, 1294 pp. Wiesbaden: SändigGoogle Scholar
  79. Walde, Alois, and Johann B. Hofmann. 1938. Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 3rd ed. Heidelberg: Carl Winters’s Universitätsbuchhandlung.Google Scholar
  80. Wessel, Pål, and Walter H.F. Smith. 1996. A global, self-consistent, hierarchical, high-resolution shoreline database. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth 101 (B4): 8741–8743. https://doi.org/10.1029/96JB00104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Wilson, Peter J. 1973. Crab Antics – The social anthropology of English-speaking Negro societies in the Caribbean, 278 pp. New Haven/London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  82. Winchester, Simon. 1986. Outposts. Journeys to the surviving relics of the British Empire. 7 Edition, 360 pp. London: Sceptre.Google Scholar
  83. Winterman, Denise. 2006. What’s so great about living in Vanuatu? BBC News Magazine on Thursday, 13 July 2006, 12:02 GMT 13:02 UK. Digital version available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/5172254.stm. Last accessed 13 Jan 2017.
  84. Young, Elizabeth, David Muir, Alastair Dawson, and Sue Dawson. 2014. Community driven coastal management: An example of the implementation of a coastal defence bund on South Uist, Scottish Outer Hebrides. Ocean & Coastal Management 94 (6): 30–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.01.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beate M. W. Ratter
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Coastal ResearchHelmholtz Zentrum GeesthachtGeesthachtGermany

Personalised recommendations