Advertisement

Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) lahorensis Neumann, 1908 (Figs. 19 and 20)

  • G. Kleinerman
  • G. BanethEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The two-host life cycle of O. lahorensis is unique among the Argasidae. The larvae hatch after an incubation period of 2–6 weeks, then attach to the host for 3–6 weeks and detach as third stage nymphs which moult to adults in the environment. Adults attach to a new host and feed for 1–2 h. Nevertheless, if no host is available for the adult, the species becomes a one-host tick. Ornithodoros lahorensis is facultatively autogenous, it does not require a blood meal to oviposit and can undergo two gonotrophic cycles without taking a blood meal. Fertilized fed or unfed females deposit batches of 300–500 eggs. However, unfed females need additional blood meals to continue producing egg batches.

References

  1. Bursali A, Keskin A, Tekin S (2012) A review of the ticks (Acari: Ixodida) of Turkey: species diversity, hosts and geographical distribution. Exp Appl Acarol 57:91–104CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Estrada-Peña A, Jongejan F (1999) Ticks feeding on humans: a review of records on human-biting Ixodoidea with special reference to pathogen transmission. Exp Appl Acarol 23:685–715Google Scholar
  3. Hoogstraal H (1985) Argasid and nuttallielid ticks as parasites and vectors. Adv Parasitol 24:135–238Google Scholar
  4. Hoogstraal H, Wassef HY, Diab FM, AI-Asgah NA, AI-Khalifa AS (1984) Acarina of Saudi Arabia Ornithodoros ( Alveonasus) lahorensis (Fam. Argasidae) in Saudi Arabia biological, veterinary, and medical implications. Fauna Saudi Arab 6:165–169Google Scholar
  5. Labuda M, Nuttall PA (2004) Tick-borne viruses. Parasitology 129:S221–S245CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Manzano-Román R, Díaz-Martín V, de la Fuente J, Pérez-Sánchez R (2012) Soft ticks as pathogen vectors: distribution, surveillance and control. Parasitology 7:125–162Google Scholar
  7. Oliver JH Jr (1989) Biology and systematics of ticks (Acari: Ixodida). Annu Rev Ecol Syst 20:397–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Parrish DW (1961) The ticks (Argasidae and Ixodidae) of Turkey. J Econ Entomol 54:91–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Philip CB, Burgdorfer W (1961) Arthropod vectors as reservoirs of microbial disease agents. Annu Rev Entomol 6:391–412CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Řeáček J (1989) Ecological relationships between ticks and rickettsiae. Eur J Epidemiol 5:407–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Salari Lak SH, Vatandoost H, Telmadarraiy Z, Entezar Mahdi R, Kia EB (2008) Seasonal activity of ticks and their importance in tick-borne infectious diseases in west Azerbaijan, Iran. Iranian J Arthropod-Borne Dis 2:28–34Google Scholar
  12. Sonenshine DE, Clifford CM, Kohls GM (1966) The systematics of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae). III. identification of the larvae of the eastern hemisphere. Ann Entomol Soc Am 59:92–121Google Scholar
  13. Sureau P, Klein JM, Casals J, Digoutte JP, Salaun JJ, Piazak N et al (1980) Isolement des virus Thogoto, Wad Medani, Wanowrie et de la Fiévre Hémorragique de Crimée-congo en Iran á partir de tiques d’animaux domestiques. Ann Virol 131:185–200Google Scholar
  14. Telmadarraiy Z, Bahrami A, Vatandoost H (2004) A survey on fauna of ticks in West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Iranian J Publ Health 33:65–69Google Scholar
  15. Telmadarraiy Z, Ghiasi SM, Moradi M, Vatandoost H, Eshraghian MR, Faghihi F et al (2010) A survey of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in livestock and ticks in Ardabil Province, Iran during 2004–2005. Scandinavian J Infect Dis 41:137–141Google Scholar
  16. Yakhchali M, Hosseine A (2006) Prevalence and ectoparasites fauna of sheep and goats flocks in Urmia suburb, Iran. Veterinarski Arhiv 76:431–442Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Koret School of Veterinary MedicineHebrew UniversityRehovotIsrael

Personalised recommendations