Advertisement

Ornithodoros (Pavlovskyella) alactagalis Issaakjan, 1936 (Fig. 18)

  • G. Kleinerman
  • G. BanethEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Under laboratory conditions (temperature of 26 °C and humidity of 90–95%), the development of O. alactagalis from egg to adult lasts from 5 to 10 months. All life stages feed; bloodsucking usually lasts between several minutes to 1 hour. Attachment of larvae on mice takes 1–4 h and moult to first stage nymphs occurs after 9–20 days. Female development includes 3–4 nymphal stages. For males, 2–3 nymphal stages exist. After 52–120 days of feeding, females oviposit; incubation lasts 19–32 days. Survival of wild specimens in the laboratory was reported to be longer than 6 years. Ornithodoros alactagalis ticks are found in burrows of animals, such as rodents (including Psammomys obesus, Cricetus cricetus, Phodopus spp., Meriones spp., Mus musculus, Arvicola spp., Allactaga spp.), badgers (Meles spp.), foxes (Vulpes spp.) and hedgehogs (Hemiechinus auritus); it was associated also with lizard and green toad burrows (Bufo viridis). Ornithodoros alactagalis ticks may show aggressive behaviour towards humans and researchers reported attacks when approaching animal burrows.

References

  1. Gugushvili GK (2013) Duration of preservation of Borrelia by ticks Ornithodoros verrucosus Ol., Sass. et Fen. and Ornithodoros alactagalis Issaak. AGRIS. 185–188 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Filippova NA (1966) Argasid ticks (Argasidae). Fauna SSSR. 4: 1–255 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Manzano-Román R, Díaz-Martín V, de la Fuente J, Pérez-Sánchez R (2012) Soft ticks as pathogen vectors: distribution, surveillance and control. Parasitology 7:125–162Google Scholar
  4. Sonenshine DE, Clifford CM, Kohls GM (1966) The Systematics of the Subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae). III. Identification of the larvae of the eastern hemisphere. Ann Entomol Soc Am 59:92–121CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Koret School of Veterinary MedicineHebrew UniversityRehovotIsrael

Personalised recommendations