Management of the Organizational and Contractual Risks of BIM Projects in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction Industry (AEC)

  • Kamal Barakeh
  • Khalid Almarri
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 6)


The Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry has witnessed a revolutionary journey throughout the past few decades in the UAE and more specifically in the Emirate of Dubai, despite the numerous advancements in the tools and technologies used for designing and constructing buildings; there has always been an ambition to increase the efficiency of this process and reduce the time and resources consumed to deliver project products. One of the fastest growing technologies in the global AEC industry is the Building Information Modelling (BIM); a technique that revolves around the idea of integrating different engineering disciplines into a single unit of collaboration. As with all new technologies, there is still a large number of limitations of the BIM application that might jeopardize the benefits and opportunities of implementing it. Aiming to find BIM risks and propose mitigation strategies for them; this research paper begins by providing a brief background about the Building Information Modelling application and its significance in the design and construction processes, after that it identifies the main organizational risks associated with the BIM application, it concludes the findings from the literature review into a conceptual framework that acts as a guideline for managing the BIM organizational risks, reducing their impact and enhancing the overall BIM process, the study then uses a research tool that consists of a questionnaire examining the feedback of architects from the industry about the importance of the BIM organizational risks and their prevention strategies suggested in the research, finally the results of this survey are analyzed in the SPSS software in order to reach useful conclusions and findings.


BIM Building information modelling Risk management AEC industry 


  1. 1.
    Abdelhady I (2013) A new business process model for enhancing BIM implementation in architectural design. Ph.D. Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arayici Y, Coates P, Koskela L, Kagioglou M, Usher C, O’Reilly K (2011) BIM adoption and implementation for architectural practices. Struct Surv 29(1):7–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Azhar S (2011) Building information modelling (BIM): trends, benefits, risks, and challenges for the AEC industry. Leadersh Manag Eng 11(3):241–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Azhar S, Carlton W, Olsen D, Ahmad I (2011) Building information modelling for sustainable design and LEED® rating analysis. Autom constr 20(2):217–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Azhar S, Khalfan M, Maqsood T (2012) Building information modelling (BIM): now and beyond. Australas J Constr Econ Build 12(4):15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Crotty R (2012) The impact of building information modelling transforming construction, 1st edn. Taylor and Francis, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Eadie R, Browne M, Odeyinka H, McKeown C, McNiff S (2013) BIM implementation throughout the UK construction project lifecycle: an analysis. Autom Constr 36:145–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eastman C, Eastman CM, Teicholz P, Sacks R, Liston K (2011) BIM handbook: a guide to building information modelling for owners, managers, designers, engineers and contractors, 2nd edn. Wiley, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Goucher D, Thurairajah N (2012) Advantages and challenges of using BIM: a cost consultant’s perspective. In: 49th ASC annual international conference, California, Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jones J (2014) The importance of BIM. Civ Eng Mag Arch 84(5):66–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jung Y, Joo M (2011) Building information modelling (BIM) framework for practical implementation. Autom Constr 20(2):126–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kashiwagi D, Kashiwagi J, Kashiwagi A, Sullivan K (2012) Best value solution designed in a developing country. J Adv Perform Inf Value 4(2)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kassem M, Succar B, Dawood N (2013) A proposed approach to comparing the BIM maturity of countries. In: Proceedings of the CIB W78 2013: 30th international conference, Beijing, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Khosrowshahi F, Arayici Y (2012) Roadmap for implementation of BIM in the UK construction industry. Eng Constr Archit Manag 19(6):610–635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ku K, Taiebat M (2011) BIM experiences and expectations: the constructors’ perspective. Int J Constr Educ Res 7(3):175–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Le Masurier J (2016) Soft systems methodology to support lean geotechnical design. In: When social science meets lean and BIM, p 30Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Leeuwis B, Prins M, Pastoors A (2013) BIM at small architectural firms. In 19th CIB World Building Congress-Construction and SocietyGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Masterspec (2012) New Zealand National BIM Survey 2012. [blog entry]. Available at: Accessed 03 August 2016
  19. 19.
    Mayo G, Giel B, Issa R (2012) BIM use and requirements among building owners. In: Proceedings of the international conference on computing in civil engineering, Clearwater Beach, FL, USA, pp 17–20Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Migilinskas D, Popov V, Juocevicius V, Ustinovichius L (2013) The benefits, obstacles and problems of practical BIM implementation. Procedia Eng. 57:767–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    National Institute of Building Sciences (2012) National BIM standard—United States, version 2. NIBS, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Newton K, Chileshe N (2012) Awareness, usage and benefits of building information modelling (BIM) adoption—the case of the South Australian construction organisations. Doctoral Dissertation, Association of Researchers in Construction ManagementGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Olatunji O (2011) Modelling the costs of corporate implementation of building information modelling. J Financ Manag Prop Constr 16(3):211–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Porwal A, Hewage K (2013) Building information modelling (BIM) partnering framework for public construction projects. Autom Constr 31:204–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Quirk V (2012) A brief history of BIM. [blog entry]. Available at Accessed 25 June 2016
  26. 26.
    Sebastian R (2011) Changing roles of the clients, architects and contractors through BIM. Eng Constr Archit Manag 18(2):176–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Smith P (2014) BIM and the 5D project cost manager. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 119:475–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Stanley R, Thurnell D (2014) The benefits of, and barriers to, implementation of 5D BIM for quantity surveying in New Zealand. Unitec Institute of Technology, New ZealandGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Succar B, Sher W, Williams A (2012) Measuring BIM performance: five metrics. Archit Eng Des Manag 8(2):120–142Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Thomassen M (2011) BIM & collaboration in the AEC industry. Construction Management,Master’s (MSc) Thesis (Released 31 August 2011), p 120, at:
  31. 31.
    Volk R, Stengel J, Schultmann F (2014) Building information modelling (BIM) for existing buildings—literature review and future needs. Autom constr 38:109–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wei W, Raja R (2014) Key issues in workforce planning and adaptation strategies for BIM implementation in construction industryGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Zahrizan Z, Mohamed Ali N, Tarmizi Haron A, Marshall-Ponting A, Abd Hamid Z (2013) Exploring the adoption of building information modelling (BIM) in the Malaysian construction industry: a qualitative approach. Int J Res Eng Technol 2(8):384–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering & ITThe British University in DubaiDubaiUAE

Personalised recommendations