Evaluation of Flexible Highway Embankment Under Repetitive Wheel Loading Using Finite Element Analysis

  • Hüseyin Karatağ
  • Seyhan Firat
  • Nihat Sinan Işik
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 6)


Within the context of this study, the deformation behaviour of multi layered highway road embankment consist of asphalt concrete supported by the underlying base and subbase layer under repetitive wheel load were analysed using finite element methodology. Plane strain finite element analyses were carried out by using Plaxis software to calculate rutting behaviour of embankment. Asphalt concrete was modelled using linear elastic model whereas hardening soil model with small-strain stiffness (HSsmall) was used to examine deformation behaviour of base, subbase and subgrade layers due to its capability to model stress dependent stiffness, unloading-reloading behaviour and hysteric damping.


Highway embankment Finite element Repetitive load 


  1. 1.
    Jacobson HR (1940) A history of roads from ancient times to the motor age, M.Sc., Georgia School of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, pp 137–138Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huang YH (2004) Pavement analysis and design, 2nd ed, vol 1. Pearson Education Inc., New Jersey, USA, pp 88, 280Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Güngör AG, ve Sağlık A (2008) Karayolları Esnek Üstyapılar Projelendirme Rehberi. KGM Teknik Araştırma Dairesi Başkanlığı Üstyapı Şubesi Müdürlüğü, 3, AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Erlingsson S, Saevarsdottir T (2016) Deformation modelling of unbound materials in a flexible pavement. In: 17th Nordic Geotechnical Meeting Challenges in Nordic Geotechnic, ReykjavikGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barksdale RD (1971) Compressive stress pulse times in flexible pavements for use in dynamic testing. Highw Res Rec 345:32–44. (HRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Plaxis V.8 Material models manual Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hüseyin Karatağ
    • 1
  • Seyhan Firat
    • 2
  • Nihat Sinan Işik
    • 2
  1. 1.Ministry of Family and Social PolicyAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Technology, Department of Civil EngineeringGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations