Advertisement

Effect of High Temperature on Compressive Strength of Concrete Prepared Using Different Types of Aggregates

  • Salih Yazıcıoğlu
  • Rukiye Tuğla
  • Serhay Ay
  • Bahar Demirel
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 6)

Abstract

Concrete is a building material commonly used in the construction structures. There are many reasons why concrete is preferred. One of these reasons is fire resistance of concrete. Concrete is not a combustible material, but it behaves differently under high temperature. Aggregates constitute an important part of concrete volume. Differences in aggregate properties significantly affect the performance of the concrete during heating. Differences in these properties also cause cracks and breakages in parts of the concrete and significant losses in adherence. When we look at these effects, we have seen that high temperature creates a threatening environment for concrete. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the behavior of the concrete caused by the high temperature. In this study, we investigated the effect of high temperature on the compressive strength of concrete specimens prepared using different aggregate types. For this purpose, 10 × 10 × 10 cm and 15 × 15 × 15 cm cube samples were prepared by using CEM I 42,5 (N) type Portland Cement and two different types of aggregates (basaltic crushed stone, stream aggregate). The Concrete produced using basalt crushed stone is coded as “BCC” and the concrete produced using the stream aggregate is coded as “SAC”. These concrete specimens were tested at room temperature and high temperature (300, 600 and 900 °C) after 28 days. We used the remaining samples at room temperature as control samples. We tested the compressive strength on all concrete samples. We studied the relationship between the compressive strength results and the concrete mass size. As a result of this study, it was found that the compressive strength of BCC is higher than SAC. When the relationship between the strength values of the concrete with high temperature effect and the concrete sample size was examined, it was found that the temperature affected the center of the small concrete samples more quickly. The resulting data showed that the 10 × 10 × 10 cm size concretes have low compressive strength.

Keywords

Compressive strength Ultrasonic test High temperature Different aggregate concretes 

References

  1. 1.
    Luccioni BM, Figueroa MI, Danesi RF (2003) Thermo-mechanic model for concrete exposed to elevated temperatures. Eng Struct 25:729–742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sanad AM, Lamont S, Usmani AS, Rotter JM (2000) Structural behaviour in fire compartment under different heating regimes—part 1 (slab thermal gradients). Fire Saf J 35:99–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hertz KD (2005) Concrete strength for fire safety design. Mag Concr Res 57(8):445–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kalifa P, Menneteau DF, Quenard D (2000) Spalling and pore pressure in HPC at high temperatures. Cem Concr Res 30:1915–1927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ichikawa Y, England GL (2004) Prediction of moisture migration and pore pressure build-up in concrete at high temperatures. Nucl Eng Desing 228:245–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Akman MS (2000) Yapı Hasarları ve Onarım İlkeleri. TMMOB Chamber of Civil Engineers, Istanbul, TurkeyGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shoaib MM, Ahmed SA, ve Balaha MM (2001) Effect of fire and cooling mode on the properties of slag mortars. Cem Concr Res 31:1533–1538Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Perkins PH (1986) Repair, protection and waterproofing, of concrete structures. Elseveir Applied Science Publishers Ltd., EnglandGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Riley MA (1991) Possible new method for the assessment of fire damaged concrete. Mag Concr Res 43(155):87–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hammer TA (1995) Compressive strength and modulus of elevated temperatures, Report 6.1, High strength phase 3.SINTEF-report nr STF70 A 95023, Trondheim, pp 16Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Aydın S, Baradan B (2003) Yüksek Sıcaklıga Dayanıklı Beton Gelistirilmesi. TMMOB Chamber of Civil Engineers 5th. National Concrete Congress, Istanbul, Turkey, pp 451–460Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Baradan B, Yazıcı H, ve Ün H (2002) Betonarme Yapılarda Kalıcılık (Durabilite). Dokuz Eylül University Engineering Faculty Publications, Issue 298, İzmir, TurkeyGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Khoury GA (2003) Fire & assessment. International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, course on effect of heat on concrete, Udine, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Scherefler BA, Brunello P, Gawin D, Majorana CE, ve Pesavento F (2002) Concrete at high temperature with application to tunnel fire. Comput Mech 29:223–234Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Akman MS (1992) Betonarme Yapılarda Yangın Hasarı ve Yangın Sonunda Taşıyıcılığının Belirlenmesi. In: Symposium on fire protection in structures, Istanbul, TurkeyGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ay S (2010) Farklı Agregalı Betonların Mekanik Özelliklerine Yüksek Sıcaklığın Etkisi. Master Thesis, Fırat Üniversity İnstitute Of Science And Technology, Elazığ, TurkeyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salih Yazıcıoğlu
    • 1
  • Rukiye Tuğla
    • 2
  • Serhay Ay
    • 3
  • Bahar Demirel
    • 4
  1. 1.Technology Faculty Civil Engineering DepartmentGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Abana Sabahat-Mesut Yılmaz Vocational SchoolsKastamonu UniversityKastamonuTurkey
  3. 3.Institute of ScienceFırat UniversityElazığTurkey
  4. 4.Technology Faculty Civil Engineering DepartmentFırat UniversityElazığTurkey

Personalised recommendations