How Religion Influences Economic Development: A Case on Romania

  • Urs Hauenstein
  • Adrian Cioara


This article intends to study the effect of culture on economy in Romania, observed at the county level. Culture will be defined as common shared values that are derived from religious views, and economy will be understood through macroeconomic indicators such as GDP per capita, unemployment rate, average net wage, and poverty. The objective of this article is to explore whether there is a correlation between the values of the most important religions in Romania and the development of each county. Besides studying the current religious data, the article will present a brief history of Romania showing the major religions that influenced the country’s main historical regions.


Economic development Religion Cultural values Romania 


  1. Casanova, J. (1994). Public religions in the modern world. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  2. Castells, M. (1997). The power of identity. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  3. Clarke, G., & Jennings, M. (Eds.). (2008). Development, civil society and faith-based organizations (p. 6). London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. “Discrimination in the EU in 2012”, Special Eurobarometer, 383 (European Union: European Commission), 2012: 233, retrieved 14 August 2013.
  5. Frend, W. H. C. (1965). The early Church SPCK (p. 137).Google Scholar
  6. Holenstein, A. (2005). Role and significance of religion and spirituality in development cooperation: A reflection and working paper. Bern, Switzerland: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation.Google Scholar
  7. Huntington, S. P. (1998). The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  8. James, R. (2009). What is distinctive about FBOs? (p. 7) (INTRAC Praxis Paper).Google Scholar
  9. John 14:6 (King James Bible)Google Scholar
  10. Kreoeber, A. L., & Kluckhohn, C. (1952). Culture: A critical review of concepts and definitions. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology (vol. 47). Harvard University.Google Scholar
  11. Maliţa, M. (1998). Zece mii de culturi, o singură civilizaţie. Spre geomodernitatea secolului XXI, Bucureşti, Editura Nemira, p. 14.Google Scholar
  12. Retrieved on February 2, 2015. from:
  13. Salacuse, J. W. (2003). The global negotiator. Making, managing, and mending deals around the world in the twenty-first century (pp. 15; 22; 96–109). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  14. Scurtu, I., Cristea, N., Curculescu, M., Dinca, C., & Soare, C. (2007). Istorie manual pentru clasa a XII-a. Bucuresti: Editura Economica.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.President of the International Council ICLGEM SolothurnCH / Honorary Fellow of CGLGR at Leeds Business SchoolCH-SolothurnUK
  2. 2.Emanuel University of OradeaOradeaRomania

Personalised recommendations