Property Law in the New Romanian Civil Code

  • Szilárd SztranyiczkiEmail author
Part of the Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice book series (IUSGENT, volume 63)


Taking into account the recent change in Romanian civil legislation, we consider the present scientific material very useful for an overview of this institution under the auspices of the New Civil Code. The national legal provisions set clear, therefore, that the property is divided into two institutions, the public property and the private property. Property classification is very important in this form, for us to understand the legal nature and the applicable regime for each type of property. Moreover, the property right, either private or public, it has an elite regulation in most European laws, but also in universal laws the respect for it and the guarantee of this right can be also found in the fundamental human rights, in the international treaties, and in the constitutions of different nations. We will try, therefore, to offer a brief overview of the new Romanian legislation in the mentioned field, which is already harmonized with European legislation, the result being the New Romanian Civil Code. We believe that the interpretation should be considerably more extensive, but—pragmatically—we will try to capture the main theoretical and practical features, to denote the importance of this institution.


  1. Beleiu, Gh. 1992. The Right to Preemption Regulated by Law No 18/1991 of the Land Registry. Bucharest: Dreptul 12. 1994. Romanian Civil Law. Introduction in Romanian Civil Law, Subjects of Civil Law. Bucharest: Şansa.Google Scholar
  2. Chelaru, E. 1998. The Right to Preemption Regulated by Law No 54/1998. Bucharest: Dreptul 8.Google Scholar
  3. Coyrt of Justice of THE European Community. 1991. Cause Georg Von Deetzen C. Hauptzollampt Oldenburg. 1989. Bulletin CJCE 18(1).Google Scholar
  4. Deak, Fr. 1992. The Right to Preemption. Bucharest: Dreptul 7.Google Scholar
  5. European Convention on Human Rights, as amended by Protocol no 11. 2001. Strasbourg: European Treaty Series 5.Google Scholar
  6. Josserand, L. 1938. Cours de droit civil positiv français. Paris, Recueil Sirey: Tome premiere.Google Scholar
  7. Malaurie, I.–AYNÈS, L.–GAUTIER, P.-Yv. 2001. Cours de droit civil, Les contrats spéciaux civils et commerciaux. Paris, Cujas: 14-e edition.Google Scholar
  8. Sabau-POP, I. 2000. Acquiring the Right to Property. Bucharest: Accent.Google Scholar
  9. Statescu, C.–BÎRSAN, C. 1980. Civil Law. The General Theory of Real Rights. Bucharest: Editura Universității din Bucureşti.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sapientia UniversityCluj-Napoca (Kolozsvár/Klausenburg)Romania

Personalised recommendations