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Flora and Phytogeography of the Czech Republic

Chapter
Part of the Plant and Vegetation book series (PAVE, volume 14)

Abstract

An overview of the diversity of vascular plants in the Czech Republic is presented. This country is situated at the intersection of several assumed important European migration routes. Consequently, the flora is composed of almost all the floristic elements that occur in Central Europe, of which the Central European geoelement is dominant. The occurrence of various sorts of relicts is discussed in the context of the changes in vegetation caused by Pleistocene climatic fluctuations. An account of Czech endemics includes 82 species and subspecies, which is 2.2% of the total vascular plant diversity in this country. Patterns in the distribution and occurrence of endemics in different habitat types are described. Groups of species with similar ecogeographical features within the Czech Republic are distinguished as regional types of distribution. Phytogeographical division of the country is described and the phytogeographical units distinguished are shown on a map.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank Jiří Danihelka, Milan Chytrý and Marinus Werger for reading and commenting on the manuscript. Leo Bureš, Martin Čertner, Lubomír Hrouda, Josef Kučera, Jan Lepš, Marek Mejstřík, Jan Ponert, Miroslav Pospíšil, Jan Suda, Milan Štech, Pavel Veselý, Petr Vít and Jana Vítová kindly provided photographs of plants. Ondřej Hájek provided a basic map of the Czech Republic for mapping the distribution of endemics and produced the map of the phytogeographical division. Tony Dixon kindly improved my English. Financial support was provided by the Centre of Excellence Pladias (project no. 14-36079G) from the Czech Science Foundation.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Botany, The Czech Academy of SciencesPrůhoniceCzech Republic

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