Strabismus pp 73-95 | Cite as


  • Burton J. Kushner


In some circumstances, however, the presence of an exotropia (XT) was viewed positively. From the Middle Ages to the present, it has been common for artistic representations of Christ to depict him with an XT (Fig. 6.1). This metaphorically represents a wide or panoramic view. They even chose an actor with an XT to play Christ in the movie Jesus Christ Superstar. Although I am unable to reproduce images from the movie’s promotional material (it is copyright protected), you can easily see it for yourself by doing a Web search for images of Ted Neely in Jesus Christ Superstar.


Blind spot syndrome Consecutive exotropia Convergence insufficiency Exotropia (XT) Cultural implications Intermittent Infantile XT Intermittent exotropia Alternate occlusion for Angle to target surgically Classification Convergence insufficiency High accommodative convergence/accommodation Lateral incomitance Marlowe occlusion Minus lens therapy for Monovision and Patch test Plus 3 D lens test Surgery for Treatment Monofixational exotropia Photalgia Scobee phenomenon (ScPh) Tenacious proximal fusion 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Burton J. Kushner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology and Visual SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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