Strabismus pp 153-192 | Cite as

Strabismus Surgery

  • Burton J. Kushner
Chapter

Abstract

We usually straighten eyes by shortening (recessing) muscles, which is thought to weaken them, or stretching (resecting, plicating, tucking, etc.) muscles, which is thought to tighten or strengthen them. When muscles are recessed, there are two different effects. An acutely shortened muscle should be weaker because of Starling’s law on muscle contraction, which states that the more a muscle is stretched, the greater its force of contraction.

Keywords

Accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) ratio High Adjustable faden Adjustable suture Anterior segment ischemia (ASI) Botulinum toxin (BTX) Bupivacaine Chemodenervation Elongated scars Faden—see posterior fixation Forced ductions Torsional Exaggerated Foster augmentation Hang-back (see suspension) Heavy eye syndrome Induced effects Insertion Jenson procedure Knapp procedure Magnetic resonance image (MRI) Dynamic Marginal myotomy Mexican tuck Plication Posterior fixation Psychosocial benefits Pulley fixation Sagging eye syndrome Scott’s adjustable faden—see adjustable faden Semi-adjustable Slipped muscles Spring-back test Stretched scars Surgery principles Suspension Transposition Vessel sparing Yokoyama procedure 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Burton J. Kushner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology and Visual SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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