• Burton J. Kushner


Most strabismus textbooks state the obvious with respect to history taking: Ask when the problem began? Is there a family history of similar problems? Did anything precede or precipitate the issue? What is the nature (frequency and severity) of the problem and in what circumstances does it occur, etc. All of this information is important. However, I feel that there are some additional questions that can be helpful to ask, and crucial in sorting out the patient’s problem. Lagniappe is a word of French Creole origin that roughly means “a little something extra.” It is still commonly used on the streets of New Orleans where street vendors will throw in something extra with your purchase. I want to offer lagniappe with respect to history taking.


Abbreviations History Phospholine iodide 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Burton J. Kushner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology and Visual SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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