Washback on Language Skills: A Study of EFL Multi-Exam Preparation Classes

  • Irini-Renika PapakammenouEmail author
Part of the Second Language Learning and Teaching book series (SLLT)


This chapter is part of a case study to study the washback effect of exam preparation classes on teaching practices in Greece. In particular, its focus is on two different exam preparation classes with distinctive characteristics and exam focus, the multi-exam and one-exam classes. The study, even though it focuses on teaching practices teachers’ use when teaching exam preparation classes, it reveals interesting and valuable information on the washback effect on language skills. The findings reveal not only the way teachers deal with the skills and sub-skills in exam classes but also their decisions and the teaching practices they use on teaching skills. By comparing the two exam classes which prepare students for different exams and different exam formats it elucidates the influence of exams on skills. The wide range used in the study comprised interviews with teachers, classroom observations of both types of classes and follow-up interviews. Washback on teachers’ teaching practices in relation to the skills and sub-skills they teach to prepare students for exams are addressed as well as the factors that determine whether and to what degree washback occurs. It will conclude by offering research and pedagogical recommendations about the ways teachers can enhance washback awareness related to the skills taught in exam preparation classes.


Washback effect Teaching practices Skills Assessment of skills Language abilities Teacher training 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CyprusAgrinioGreece

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