Conclusion: Securitization–Desecuritization Dynamics in Indonesia’s Democratization



This study has attempted to explain the government’s security policy and place it within the framework of securitization theory. The preceding chapters have provided a comprehensive account of the security threats in the early years of Indonesia’s democratization process. The first empirical chapter, Chap.  3, provided a historical account of Indonesia’s experience when the state was faced with existential threats and used extraordinary measures to cope with them. The second empirical chapter, Chap.  4, outlined the trajectory of the outbreak of large-scale violent conflicts by uncovering the country’s political dynamics in the final years of Suharto’s New Order regime and early years of the Reformasi era. After summarizing the background of the security problems during the political transition, the final two empirical chapters, Chaps.  5 and  6, reviewed the findings of this study regarding government policy by scrutinizing securitization and desecuritization dynamics in the cases of the Aceh separatist conflict and the Maluku communal conflict. This final chapter will now assess the implications of the study on securitization research, especially when the theory is applied to analyzing a state’s security policy amid democratic change.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International RelationsUniversity of IndonesiaJawa BaratIndonesia

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