A Historical Overview on the State of Emergency and Martial Law in Indonesia



In Chap.  2, I have outlined securitization as a process inherently involved in the context of emergency and exceptionality. As the gist of all security debates is about survival in times of emergency, the nature of security consequently calls for exceptionality. My definition of exceptionality is that the designation of a referent object of an existential threat to security concurrently occurs with the use of extraordinary measure. Mostly, if not always, the use of an extraordinary measure is equal to the use of the state’s coercive instruments. Hence, emergency relates to the threatening situation, and exceptionality relates to the use of extraordinary measure. The hallmark of an emergency situation is the imposition of martial law. Martial law, to quote Dyzenhaus, “has clear analogs in declarations of states of emergency, in legislative delegations of authority of virtually unlimited scope to the executive to deal with threats to national security, and in assertions of inherent jurisdiction by the executive to respond as it sees fit to such threat” (Dyzenhaus 2009: 2). In other words, the establishment of emergency power with the declaration of martial law brings a state of exceptionality and suspension of normal rules and norms (Lazar 2009: 3). With this background, one important question related to the study at hand is thus: how do the two processes of emergency and exceptionality take place in the Indonesian state?


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International RelationsUniversity of IndonesiaJawa BaratIndonesia

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