Global political affairs in the last 200 years have been characterized by a constant pursuit of democracy through the process of democratization. Huntington’s waves of democracy, for instance, show us that the first wave of democratization on the global stage was started in the USA back in 1828 and reached its peak in 1922. The second wave began at the end of World War II and reached its peak in 1962 (Kurzman 1998: 43). Finally the third wave began when the Portuguese Flower Revolution took place in 1974, which initially encompassed Southern Europe and Latin America and eventually Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa (Kurzman 1998: 43; Croissant and Merkel 2004: 1).


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International RelationsUniversity of IndonesiaJawa BaratIndonesia

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