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Role of Metal Nanoparticles and Its Surface Plasmon Activity on Nanocomposites for Visible Light-Induced Catalysis

  • Anup Kumar Sasmal
  • Tarasankar PalEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)

Abstract

Heterogeneous photocatalysis has become an encouraging reaction technique to combat energy crisis and global environmental issues. Visible light (~400 nm–750 nm)-driven photocatalysis is the most imperative heterogeneous photocatalysis because of its selective product delivery, easy operation, and utilization of abundant available clean energy resource. In this context, utilization of clean, and available sunlight (having 44% visible light) could be a pleasant platform for solving energy and environmental problems. Thus visible light-driven photocatalysis is highly demanding, and so designing of such photocatalysts and their exploitation in catalysis under visible light has become a central research theme in catalysis. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) active nanomaterials or composites are very effective to carry out catalytic redox reactions in presence of visible light due to the electron–hole formation, and termed as visible light plasmonic photocatalyst. Processes can be demonstrated through oxidation by “hole” and reduction by “hot electron”. Herein, we discussed on fabrication or synthesis of visible light plasmonic photocatalysts, and their application on catalytic reaction under visible light illumination. Visible light-induced SPR with detailed understanding of the fate of generated electron and hole on the redox reactions has been discussed. We have depicted various types of catalytic reactions such as photodegradation of large organic dyes (organic transformation), oxidation reaction, reduction reaction, hydroxylation, imine synthesis, water splitting reaction, biaryl synthesis, and CO2 reduction.

Keywords

Plasmonic photocatalyst Visible light Surface plasmon resonance Electron Hole Catalysis 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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