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The Astrochemical Observatory: Experimental and Computational Focus on the Chiral Molecule Propylene Oxide as a Case Study

  • Andrea LombardiEmail author
  • Federico Palazzetti
  • Vincenzo Aquilanti
  • Fernando Pirani
  • Piergiorgio Casavecchia
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10408)

Abstract

The recent observation of propylene oxide in the interstellar medium has raised unusually large interest in view of the prototypical role that this molecule plays in chemical and biophysical investigations of chirality, a phenomenon that transversely pervades modern science for implications ranging from the mechanism of the origin and early evolution of life (homochirality) to key aspects of industrial and pharmaceutical chemistry, such as asymmetric synthesis. Here we present a survey of recent advances, designing and illustrating a number of possible experiments for the demonstration of chiral effects in the dynamics of the intermolecular interactions, suggesting a scenario for a stereo-directional origin of chiral discrimination.

Keywords

Scattering experiments Chirality Molecular dynamics Molecular beams Propylene oxide 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors acknowledge financial support from MIUR PRIN 2010–2011 (contract 2010ERFKXL\(\_\)002) and from “Fondazione Cassa Risparmio Perugia (Codice Progetto: 2015.0331.021 Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica)”. They also acknowledge the Italian Ministry for Education, University and Research, MIUR, for financial supporting through SIR 2014 “Scientific Independence for young Researchers” (RBSI14U3VF). Thanks are due to the Dipartimento di Chimica, Biologia e Biotecnologie dell’Università di Perugia (FRB, Fondo per la Ricerca di Base). A. L., P. C., and F. P. acknowledge financial support from MIUR PRIN 2015 (contract 2015F59J3R\(\_\)002). V.A. thanks Brazilian CAPES for grant as Distinguished Visiting Professor at Universidade da Bahia.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Lombardi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Federico Palazzetti
    • 1
  • Vincenzo Aquilanti
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Fernando Pirani
    • 1
  • Piergiorgio Casavecchia
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica, Biologia e BiotecnologieUniversità di PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  2. 2.Istituto di Struttura della MateriaConsiglio Nazionale delle RicercheRomeItaly
  3. 3.Instituto de FisicaUniversidade Federal da BahiaSalvadorBrazil

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