Erratum to: Umbilicus and Umbilical Cord

  • Mohamed Fahmy

Erratum to:

FM (page vi) in: M. Fahmy, Umbilicus and Umbilical Cord,

This book was inadvertently published missing the following acknowledgement in FM. The original book has been updated accordingly.


For additional information and references on the umbilical cord see Silent Risk Issues about the human umbilical cord 2nd Edition Copyright © 2014 by Jason H. Collins, MD, MSCR.

Xlibris Books Library of Congress Control Number: 2014911209.

Erratum to: Umbilicus in History and Its Religious Background

  • Mohamed Fahmy

Erratum to:

Chapter 09 (page 29 and 40) in: M. Fahmy, Umbilicus and Umbilical Cord,

This Chapter was inadvertently published missing the following reference in the original version. The original chapter has been updated accordingly.

Reference [4] with the following citation in page 29: Jason H. Collins, Silent Risk Issues about the human umbilical cord, 2nd Edition, 2014.

9.2 Umbilicus and Umbilical Cord in Different Cultures

The umbilical cord considered as ‘the thread of life’ and the placenta are magical doubles of the child and they symbolize the dual union of infant and mother, the tie that unites mother and child.

Umbilical cord in history: One has to wonder what thoughts prehistoric humans had when confronted with the stillbirth of a baby entangled in its umbilical cord. Some insights from more recent times suggest the umbilical cord represented an omen, a sacred talisman, predictor of future fertility. In some popular classes in Europe, Australia, Africa and Hawaii, the umbilical cord was dried and soaked in water for consumption to ensure future fertility. It was eaten, hung from tree branches and stuffed in volcanic rock crevices at sites such as the Birthing Stones in Kukahiioko, Oahu [4]. Chinese literature suggests the cord had many medicinal properties.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Fahmy
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric SurgeryAl Azher University Pediatric SurgeryCairoEgypt

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