Advertisement

Learning from Carceral Tours: Reflections After a Howard Tour Across Europe

  • Tom Vander Beken
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology book series (PSIPP)

Abstract

This chapter draws from a study of the role of prisons in Europe for which the research was undertaken by visiting prisons in six countries, as well as by reading, by observing and by listening to those who could say something about those prisons. The aim of the chapter is twofold. On the one hand, it wants to comment on the methodological choices and consequences of a so-called prison tourism design. It is argued that, in spite of ethical challenges and intrinsic epistemological deficiencies, studying prisons and prison systems from a prison tourist perspective has the potential to provide unique and special information and can shed light on questions and themes that are not on the agenda of international monitoring bodies. On the other hand, the chapter summarises some of the findings about the countries that have been visited and draws general conclusions about the study as a whole and reflects on the differences between prison tourist findings and what official international monitoring bodies report on.

Keywords

Prison tourism Monitoring Comparative penology 

Literature

  1. Boone, M. 2012. Eigen boeven eerst. Insluiting en uitsluiting in de sanctietoepassing. Den Haag: Eleven International Publishing.Google Scholar
  2. Casale, S. 2009. A System of Preventive Oversight. Essex Human Rights Review 1: 6–14.Google Scholar
  3. Dey, E. 2009. Prison Tours as a Research Tool in the Golden Gulag. Journal of Prisoners on Prisons 18: 119–125.Google Scholar
  4. Downes, D. 1988. Contrasts in Tolerance: Post-war Penal Policy in the Netherlands and England and Wales. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  5. Dünkel, F. 2016. The Rise and Fall of Prison Population Rates in Europe. Newsletter of the European Society of Criminology 15 (2): 2–5.Google Scholar
  6. Howard, J. 1764. An Account of the Degree of Cold Observed in Bedfordshire. Philosophical Transactions 54: 118.Google Scholar
  7. ———. 1767. Extract of a Letter from John Howard, Esq; F.R.S. to William Watson, M. D. F. R. Giving Some Observations on the Heat of the Waters at Bath. Philosophical Transactions 57: 201–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. ———. 1771. Observations on the Heat of the Ground on Mount Vesuvius. Philosophical Transactions 61: 53–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. ———. 1791. An Account of the Principal Lazarettos in Europe. With Various Papers Relative to the Plague: Together with Further Observations on Some Foreign Prisons and Hospitals; and Additional Remarks on the Present State of Those in Great Britain and Ireland. London: Johnson, Dilly and Cadell.Google Scholar
  10. ———. 1792. The State of the Prisons in England and Wales with Preliminary Observations, and an Account of Some Foreign Prisons and Hospitals. 4th ed. London: Johnson, Dilly and Cadell.Google Scholar
  11. Huckelbury, C. 2009. Tour de farce. Journal of Prisoners on Prisons 18: 126–128.Google Scholar
  12. International Centre for Prison Studies. 2013a. Azerbaijan. World Prison Brief. http://www.prisonstudies.org/country/azerbaijan. Accessed 27 Sep 2016.
  13. ———. 2013b. Netherlands. World Prison Brief. http://www.prisonstudies.org/country/netherlands. Accessed 27 Sep 2016.
  14. ———. 2014a. France. World Prison Brief. http://www.prisonstudies.org/country/france. Accessed 27 Sep 2016.
  15. ———. 2014b. Italy. World Prison Brief. http://www.prisonstudies.org/country/italy. Accessed 27 Sep 2016.
  16. ———. 2014c. Norway. World Prison Brief. http://www.prisonstudies.org/country/norway. Accessed 27 Sep 2016.
  17. ———. 2014d. United Kingdom: England & Wales. World Prison Brief. http://www.prisonstudies.org/country/united-kingdom-england-wales. Accessed 27 Sep 2016.
  18. Lappi-Seppälä, T. 2011. Explaining Imprisonment in Europe. European Journal of Criminology 8 (4): 303–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. ———. 2012. Penal Policies in the Nordic Countries 1960–2010. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention 13 (1): 85–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liebling, A. 2004. Prisons and Their Moral Performance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. ———. 2015. Appreciative Inquiry, Generative Theory, and the ‘Failed State’ Prison. In Advances in Criminological Theory, ed. J. Miller and W. Palacios, 251–270. Piscataway: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  22. McConville, S. 1995. Local Justice. In The Oxford History of the Prison. The Practice of Punishment in Western Society, ed. N. Morris and D. Rothman, 297–327. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Minogue, C. 2009. The Engaged Specific Intellectual: Resisting Unethical Prison Tourism and the Hubries of Objectifying Modality of the Universal Intellectual. Journal of Prisoners on Prisons 18: 129–142.Google Scholar
  24. Nagelsen, S., and C. Huckelbury. 2009. The Prisoner’s Role in Ethnographic Examinations of the Carceral State. Journal of Prisoners on Prisons 18: 111–118.Google Scholar
  25. Pakes, F. 2015. Howard, Pratt and Beyond: Assessing the Value of Carceral Tours as a Comparative Method. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 54 (3): 265–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Piché, J., and K. Walby. 2009. Dialogue on the Status of Prison Ethnography and Carceral Tours: An Introduction. Journal of Prisoners on Prisons 18: 88–90.Google Scholar
  27. ———. 2010. Problematizing Carceral Tours. British Journal of Criminology 50 (3): 570–581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. ———. 2012. Carceral Tours and the Need for Reflexivity: A Response to Wilson, Spina and Canaan. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 51 (4): 411–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Pratt, J. 2008a. Scandinavian Exceptionalism in an Era of Penal Excess. Part I: The Nature and Roots of Scandinavian Exceptionalism. British Journal of Criminology 48 (2): 119–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. ———. 2008b. Scandinavian Exceptionalism in an Era of Penal Excess. Part II: Does Scandinavian Exceptionalism have a Future? British Journal of Criminology 48 (3): 275–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shalev, S. 2013. Supermax. Controlling Risk Through Solitary Confinement. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. Van Swaaningen, R. 2013. Reversing the Puntive Turn: The Case of the Netherlands. In European Penology? ed. T. Daems, D. van Zyl Smit, and S. Snacken, 339–360. Oxford: Hart Publishing.Google Scholar
  33. Vander Beken, T. 2015a. Howardreizen. De rol van de gevangenis in Europa. Antwerp-Apeldoorn: Maklu.Google Scholar
  34. ———. 2015b. Travels with John: the Function of Prisons in Europe. Independent Monitor 115: 10–12.Google Scholar
  35. ———. 2016. The Role of Prison in Europe. Travelling in the Footsteps of John Howard. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wacquant, L. 2002. The Curious Eclipse of Prison Ethnography in the Age of Mass Incarceration. Ethnography 3 (4): 371–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. West, T. 2011. The Curious Mr. Howard. Legendary Prison Reformer. Hook: Waterside Press.Google Scholar
  38. Wilkinson, R., and K. Pickett. 2009. The Spirit Level: Why Greater Equality Makes Societies Stronger. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
  39. Wilson, D., R. Spina, and J.E. Canaan. 2011. In Praise of the Carceral Tour: Learning from the Grendon Experience. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 50 (4): 345–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom Vander Beken
    • 1
  1. 1.Ghent UniversityGhentBelgium

Personalised recommendations