Thoracic Trauma: Interventional Radiology

  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello
  • Chiara Floridi
  • Francesca Patella
  • Francesco Morelli
  • Filippo Pesapane
  • Matteo Crippa


Thorax is the third most common site of traumatic injury after the head and extremities.

Thoracic injuries both blunt and penetrating mechanisms account for approximately one quarter of deaths due to trauma and contribute to 25–50% of the remaining deaths.

Thoracic trauma patients need to be rapidly and accurately assessed to determine the nature of their injuries with treatments prioritized by injury severity.

In the last decades, there has been an acknowledged improvement in trauma care and there are constant ongoing developments, especially there has been a growing role for both diagnostic and interventional radiology (IR) in all types of trauma affecting thorax, with imaging and interventional radiology becoming integral parts of the multidisciplinary approach to modern trauma care.

This chapter is intended to assess the role of IR in thoracic trauma and highlight some of the indications, contraindications, and treatment options available.


Thoracic trauma Aortic injury Intercostal arteries Interventional radiology Endoprothesis repair Embolization 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello
    • 1
  • Chiara Floridi
    • 2
  • Francesca Patella
    • 3
  • Francesco Morelli
    • 3
  • Filippo Pesapane
    • 3
  • Matteo Crippa
    • 4
  1. 1.Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology DepartmentSan Paolo Hospital, Università degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology DepartmentFatebenefratelli HospitalMilanItaly
  3. 3.Postgraduation School in Radiodiagnostics, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology DepartmentSan Paolo Hospital, Università degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  4. 4.Vascular Surgery DepartmentSan Paolo Hospital, Università degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly

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