Advertisement

Extending the Service Life of Bridges Through Proper Compaction of Asphalt Decks

  • Amir Abd El Halim
  • Ahmed El-Desouky
  • Abd El HalimEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)

Abstract

Bridges are major components of the highway infrastructure and play important role in the development of societies and their economic growth. The safety and performance of bridges do not depend on design and construction of its structural members alone but also on the degree of protection provided by the asphalt layer added to provide a comfortable ride as well as significant protection against penetration of water and other harming materials to the main structure of the bridge. Compaction of the asphalt deck of the bridge is done only by static rollers while vibratory rollers are not allowed on the deck. However, steel rollers, static or vibratory ones, induce hairline cracks during compaction which allows water, salt and other harmful materials to penetrate through the asphalt deck and reaching the main slab of the bridge which may be made of reinforced concrete or steel members. The presence of water and salt can speed the process of corrosion leading to earlier than expected deterioration of the bridge and in some cases failure of the entire structure. The Ministry of transportation of Ontario (MTO) has used a new asphalt compactor termed Asphalt Multi-Integrated Roller (AMIR) which provided a much tighter asphalt mat with significantly improved permeability performance, higher densities and abilities to compact thicker layers with higher efficiency and less number of passes when compared to current steel rollers. The results led the MTO to include permeability measurements into its Q/A and Q/C requirements for bridge asphalt decks. This paper presents the outline of utilizing AMIR compaction technology on three MTO bridges, the results of field permeability measurements of asphalt sections compacted side by side using AMIR and steel rollers, and laboratory test results. The results showed that the AMIR technology will provide better protection to bridge deck and its steel structure and reinforcement; leading to longer service life with less frequent maintenance. Finally, the paper includes preliminary economic analysis showing the gains and benefits resulting from adopting the new technology to the main parties involved with highway assets.

Keywords

AMIR II compactor Bridge decks Permeability Pavement quality Economic benefits 

References

  1. Abd El Halim, A.O., Abd El Halim, A.A., Awadalla, M., Hassanin, M.A.: Development of the Asphalt multi-integrated roller field and experimental studies. J. Constr. Eng. Article ID 752674 (2015). doi: 10.1155/2015/752674
  2. Abd El Halim, A.O.: Influence of relative rigidity on the problem of reflection cracking. Transp. Res. Rec. 1007, 53–58 (1985)Google Scholar
  3. Abd El Halim, A.O.: Experimental and field investigation of the influence of relative rigidity on the problem of reflection cracking. Transp. Res. Rec. 1060, 88–98 (1986)Google Scholar
  4. Abd El Halim, A.O., Mostafa, A.: AMIR and steel drum compactors: evaluating the effect of their compaction on the permeability of asphalt pavements. Transp. Res. Rec. J. Transp. Res. Board. (1967), 173–180 (2006). doi: 10.3141/1967-17
  5. Abd El Halim, A.O., Haas, R., Svec, O.J.: Improved asphalt pavement performance through a new method of compaction. In: Proceedings of 17th ARRB Conference, Part. 3, pp. 175–191 (1994)Google Scholar
  6. Abd El Halim, A.O., Phang, W., Haas R.C.: Realizing structural design objectives through minimizing of construction induced cracking. In: Proceedings of Sixth International Conference on Structural Design of Asphalt Pavements, Ann Arbor, USA, July 13–16, vol. I, pp. 965–970 (1987)Google Scholar
  7. Abd El Halim, A.O., Phang, W., Haas, R.C.: Unwanted legacy of asphalt pavement compaction. J. Transp. Eng. 119(6), 914–932 (1993). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733947X(1993)119:6(914) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Abd El Halim, A.O., Phang, W., El Gindy, M.: Extending the service life of asphalt pavements through the prevention of construction cracks. Transp. Res. Rec. 1178, 1–8 (1988)Google Scholar
  9. Abd El Halim, A.O., Said, D., Mostafa, A.: A protection of the environment through the prevention of surface cracking. Open Civ. Eng. J. 3, 7–15 (2009). doi: 10.2174/1874149500903010007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Abd El Halim, O., Pinder, F., Chelliah, A.R., Abdelalim, O.: Reducing maintenance and rehabilitation costs through the use of AMIR compaction. Civ. Eng. Archit. 1(3), 51–60 (2013). doi: 10.13189/cea.2013.010301 Google Scholar
  11. Chen, C., Williams, R.C., Ei, T.A., Lee, H., Schram, S.: Quality control/quality assurance testing for longitudinal joint density and segregation of asphalt mixtures. Constr. Build. Mater. 47, 80–85 (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.05.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fisher, J., Graves, C., Blankenship, P., Hakimzadeh-Khoe, S., Anderson, M.: Factors affecting asphalt pavement density and the effect on long term pavement performance. Kentucky Transportation Center, College of Engineering, University of Kentucky, May 2010 (2012)Google Scholar
  13. Ministry of Transportation Ontario: Laboratory Testing Manual, Test Method LS-287, Rev. No. 16. Method of test for the determination of percent compaction of compacted bituminous paving mixture (MRD Method) (1996)Google Scholar
  14. Ministry of Transportation Ontario: Laboratory Testing Manual, Test Method LS-262, Rev. No. 18. Method of test for bulk relative density of compacted bituminous mixtures (1999)Google Scholar
  15. Ontario’s Transportation Technology Transfer Digest. Spring 2010, vol. 16, issue 2 (2010)Google Scholar
  16. Rickards, I., Goodman, S., Pagai, J., Abd El Halim, A.O., Haas, R.: Practical realization of a new concept for asphalt compaction. Transp. Res. Rec. 1654, 27–35 (1999). doi: 10.3141/1654-03 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Svec, O.J., Abd El Halim, A.O.: Field verification of a new asphalt compactor, AMIR. Can. J. Civ. Eng. 18(3), 465–471 (1991). doi: 10.1139/l91-057 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Tarefder, R., Ahmad, M.: Evaluating the relationship between permeability and moisture damage of asphalt concrete pavements. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 27(5), 1–10 (2015). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943.5533.0001129 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Vivar, E., Haddock, J.E.: HMA pavement performance and durability. Publication FHWA/IN/JTRP-2005/14. Joint Transportation Research Program, Indiana Department of Transportation and Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, pp. 193 (2006)Google Scholar
  20. Williams, R.C., Chen, C., Buss, A. (2015) Reflective crack mitigation guide for flexible pavements. Final report Sponsored by the Iowa Highway Research Board and the Iowa Department of Transportation (IHRB Project TR-641), Institute for Transportation Iowa State University (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amir Abd El Halim
    • 1
  • Ahmed El-Desouky
    • 2
  • Abd El Halim
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.StantecWaterlooCanada
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringMilitary Technical CollegeKobry El-KobbaEgypt
  3. 3.Program of Infrastructure Protection and International Security, Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada

Personalised recommendations