Linguistic Proficiency and Acculturation: Role of Family, Neighborhood, and Metropolitan Area

  • Jacob S. Siegel


Proficiency in a language is essential for proper psychological and social development of a child, whether it is a matter of the first language or the new language of a host country. The quality of this language-learning process varies for a variety of reasons, among them the demographic, linguistic, social, and economic characteristics of the family into which the child is born and by which it is reared. Such characteristics include the age, race, and ethnicity of the parents, the number of children and order of birth of each child, the generational status of the child, its nativity, the language practices of the parents, and the parents’ education and income status. The pathways of influence in language learning within the family are clearly numerous and complex. A child’s language development is also influenced by the pre-school and neighborhood environment in which the child is raised and educated, and the broader environment in which the family lives, such as the physical environment and the metropolitan status of the area. These topics will be elaborated in the present chapter.

List of References and Suggested Readings1


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Area Influences

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacob S. Siegel
    • 1
  1. 1.North BethesdaUSA

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