Sex Determination and Differentiation of the Siberian Sturgeon

  • Denise Vizziano-Cantonnet
  • Santiago Di Landro
  • André Lasalle


This is a synthesis of the published information on sex determination and differentiation in sturgeons with special emphasis in Siberian sturgeon Acipenser baerii. The sex-determination system has been poorly studied in sturgeons and paddlefishes. Among 27 species of Acipenseriformes, the WZ-female model has been proposed in five species and one hybrid based on gynogenetic studies. The sex-determining gene remains unknown, and there are no studies on the influence from autosomal genetic factors or environmental cues. The lack of genetic sex marker is limiting the studies on sex determination and differentiation, as well as the application in the early sexing for culture purposes.

The gonad sex differentiation show similar histological features in different sturgeons studied and occur at juvenile stage (4–9 months of age). Siberian sturgeon reach the sex differentiation around the 8 months of age when reared in a range of temperature of 14–19 °C, coincident with the upper range of spawning temperature of species at wild. However, the potential effect of temperature on sex determination has not been studied in sturgeons. The molecular sex differentiation period precedes the sex differentiation and occurs between 3 and 6 months old in Siberian sturgeons. The factors involved in male and female pathways are currently studied at molecular level. Gonad transcriptomes are emerging in sturgeons stimulating the knowledge of factors that must direct a cascade of gene regulatory controls that provide sex-specific phenotypes. There is a lack of functional studies in sturgeons.


Sturgeons Sex determination Sex differentiation Gonad histology Gene expression Acipenser baerii 



Many thanks are due to the enterprise Estuario del Plata (Uruguay) for their cooperation with Universidad de la República (UdelaR). Dr. Vet. Andrés Ryncowski gave us the temperature records. We are grateful with Dr. François Brion (INERIS, Paris, France) for the donation of the anti-cyp17 elevated against zebra fish protein.



Anti-Müllerian hormone


Y-linked amh


Androgen receptor


Cytochrome P450, family 17, subfamily a, polypeptide 1


Cytochrome P450, family 19, subfamily a, polypeptide 1a


Doublesex and Mab-3-related transcription factor 1


W-linked dmrt1 paralog


Y-specific DM-domain gene required for male development


Environmental sex determination


Factor in germ line alpha


Forkhead box L2 a




Genetic sex determination


Gonadal soma-derived growth factor on the Y


Gonadal soma-derived growth factor


Gonadosomatic index


Hydroxysteroid (17-beta) dehydrogenase 1


Nuclear receptor subfamily 0, group b, member 1


Sex-determining gene


Sexually dimorphic on the chromosome Y


Sex-determining region Y-box containing gene 9


Sex-determining region Y-box containing gene 9


Sex-determining region Y-box containing gene 9


Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein


T-box transcription factor gene family






20-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase


  1. Bacalbaşa-Dobrovici N (1997) Endangered migratory sturgeons of the lower Danube River and its delta. Env Biol Fish 48(1–4):201–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baron D, Houlgatte R, Fostier A, Guiguen Y (2005) Large-scale temporal gene expression profiling during gonadal differentiation and early gametogenesis in rainbow trout. Biol Reprod 73(5):959–966CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bemis WE, Kynard B (1997) Sturgeon rivers: an introduction to acipenseriform biogeography and life history. Env Biol Fish 48(1–4):167–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bemis WE, Findeis EK, Grande L (1997) An overview of Acipenseriformes. In: Birstein VJ, Waldman JR, Bemis WE (eds) Sturgeon biodiversity and conservation, 1st edn. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp 25–71Google Scholar
  5. Berbejillo J, Martinez-Bengochea A, Bedo G, Brunet F, Volff JN, Vizziano-Cantonnet D (2012) Expression and phylogeny of candidate genes for sex differentiation in a primitive fish species, the Siberian sturgeon, Acipenser baerii. Mol Reprod Dev 79(8):504–516CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Berbejillo J, Martinez-Bengochea A, Bedo G, Vizziano-Cantonnet D (2013) Expression of dmrt1 and sox9 during gonadal development in the Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii). Fish Physiol Biochem 39(1):91–94CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Billard R, Lecointre G (2000) Biology and conservation of sturgeon and paddlefish. Rev Fish Biol Fisher 10(4):355–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Birstein VJ (1993) Sturgeons and paddlefishes: threatened fishes in need of conservation. Conserv Biol 7(4):773–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blasco M, Somoza GM, Vizziano-Cantonnet D (2013) Presence of 11-ketotestosterone in pre-differentiated male gonads of Odontesthes bonariensis. Fish Physiol Biochem 39(1):71–74CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Brennan J, Capel B (2004) One tissue, two fates: molecular genetic events that underlie testis versus ovary development. Nat Rev Genet 5(7):509–521CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Bruslé J, Bruslé S (1983) La gonadogenèse des Poissons. Reprod Nutr Dévelop 23(3):453–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carmichael SN, Bekaert M, Taggart JB, Christie HRL, Bassett DI, Bron JE, Skuce PJ, Gharbi K, Skern-Mauritzen R, Sturm A (2013) Identification of a sex-linked SNP marker in the Salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) using RAD sequencing. PLoS One 8(10):e77832CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Cavileer T, Hunter S, Okutsu T, Yoshizaki G, Nagler JJ (2009) Identification of novel genes associated with molecular sex differentiation in the embryonic gonads of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Sex Dev 3(4):214–224CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Chapman F, Van Eenennaam J, Doroshov S (1996) The reproductive condition of white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus, in San Francisco Bay, California. FB 94(4):628–634Google Scholar
  15. Chen X, Wei Q, Yang D, Zhu Y (2006) Observations on the formation and development of the primary germinal tissue of cultured Chinese sturgeon, Acipenser sinensis. J Appl Ichthyol 22:358–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Devlin RH, Nagahama Y (2002) Sex determination and sex differentiation in fish: an overview of genetic, physiological, and environmental influences. Aquaculture 208(3):191–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Doroshov SI, Moberg GP, Van Eenennaam JP (1997) Observations on the reproductive cycle of cultures white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus. Environ Biol Fish 48(1–4):265–278Google Scholar
  18. Falahatkar B, Poursaeid S, Meknatkhah B, Khara H, Efatpanah I (2014) Long-term effects of intraperitoneal injection of estradiol-17beta on the growth and physiology of juvenile stellate sturgeon Acipenser stellatus. Fish Physiol Biochem 40(2):365–373CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Flynn S, Benfey T (2007) Sex differentiation and aspects of gametogenesis in shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum Lesueur. J Fish Biol 70(4):1027–1044CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Flynn S, Matsuoka M, Reith M, Martin-Robichaud D, Benfey T (2006) Gynogenesis and sex determination in shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum Lesuere. Aquaculture 253(1):721–727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fontana F, Colombo G (1974) The chromosomes of Italian sturgeons. Experientia 30(7):739–742CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Fopp-Bayat D (2010) Meiotic gynogenesis revealed not homogametic female sex determination system in Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baeri Brandt). Aquaculture 305(1–4):174–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gamble T, Zarkower D (2014) Identification of sex-specific molecular markers using restriction site-associated DNA sequencing. Mol Ecol Resour 14(5):902–913PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Grandi G, Chicca M (2008) Histological and ultrastructural investigation of early gonad development and sex differentiation in Adriatic sturgeon (Acipenser naccarii, Acipenseriformes, Chondrostei). J Morphol 269(10):1238–1262CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Grandi G, Giovannini S, Chicca M (2007) Gonadogenesis in early developmental stages of Acipenser naccarii and influence of estrogen immersion on feminization. J Appl Ichthyol 23(1):3–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Guerrero RD III (1975) Use of androgens for the production of all-male Tilapia aurea (Steindachner). Trans Am Fish Soc 104(2):342348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Guiguen Y, Baroiller JF, Ricordel MJ, Iseki K, McMeel O, Martin S, Fostier A (1999) Involvement of estrogens in the process of sex differentiation in two fish species: the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and a tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Mol Reprod Dev 54(2):154–162CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Guiguen Y, Fostier A, Piferrer F, Chang C-F (2010) Ovarian aromatase and estrogens: a pivotal role for gonadal sex differentiation and sex change in fish. Gen Comp Endocrinol 165(3):352–366CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Hagihara S, Yamashita R, Yamamoto S, Ishihara M, Abe T, Ijiri S, Adachi S (2014) Identification of genes involved in gonadal sex differentiation and the dimorphic expression pattern in undifferentiated gonads of Russian sturgeon Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Brandt & Ratzeburg, 1833. J Appl Ichthyol 30(6):1557–1564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hale MC, Jackson JR, Dewoody JA (2010) Discovery and evaluation of candidate sex-determining genes and xenobiotics in the gonads of lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens). Genetica 138(7):745–756CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Hattori RS, Fernandino JI, Kishii A, Kimura H, Kinno T, Oura M, Somoza GM, Yokota M, Strüssmann CA, Watanabe S (2009) Cortisol-induced masculinization: does thermal stress affect gonadal fate in pejerrey, a teleost fish with temperature-dependent sex determination? PLoS One 4(8):e6548CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. Hattori RS, Murai Y, Oura M, Masuda S, Majhi SK, Sakamoto T, Fernandino JI, Somoza GM, Yokota M, Strussmann CA (2012) A Y-linked anti-Müllerian hormone duplication takes over a critical role in sex determination. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109(8):2955–2959CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Ijiri S, Kaneko H, Kobayashi T, Wang D-S, Sakai F, Paul-Prasanth B, Nakamura M, Nagahama Y (2008) Sexual dimorphic expression of genes in gonads during early differentiation of a teleost fish, the Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Biol Reprod 78(2):333–341CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. IUCN (2015) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. www.iucnredlist.orgGoogle Scholar
  35. Keyvanshokooh S, Gharaei A (2010) A review of sex determination and searches for sex-specific markers in sturgeon. Aquac Res 41(9):e1–e7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Khodaparast M, Keyvanshokooh S, Pourkazemi M, Hosseini S, Zolgharnein H (2014) Searching the genome of beluga (Huso huso) for sex markers based on targeted bulked Segregant analysis (BSA). Caspian J Env Sci 12(2):185–195Google Scholar
  37. Lareyre J-J, Ricordel M-J, Mahé S, Goupil A-S, Vizziano D, Bobe J, Guiguen Y, Le Gac F (2008) Two new TGF beta members are restricted to the gonad and differentially expressed during sex differentiation and gametogenesis in trout. Cybium 32(suppl):202Google Scholar
  38. LeBreton GT, Beamish FWH, McKinley SR (eds) (2005) Sturgeons and paddlefish of North America. Springer Science & Business Media, INC, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  39. Magnin E (1959) Répartition actuelle des acipenseridés. Revue des Travaux de l’Institut Des Pêches Maritimes 23(3):277–285Google Scholar
  40. Mair G, Scott A, Penman D, Beardmore J, Skibinski D (1991) Sex determination in the genus Oreochromis: 1. Sex reversal, gynogenesis and triploidy in O. niloticus (L.) Theor Appl Genet 82(2):144–152CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Marchand O, Govoroun M, D'Cotta H, McMeel O, Lareyre JJ, Bernot A, Laudet V, Guiguen Y (2000) DMRT1 expression during gonadal differentiation and spermatogenesis in the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Biochim Biophys Acta 1493(1–2):180–187CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Matsuda M, Nagahama Y, Shinomiya A, Sato T, Matsuda C, Kobayashi T, Morrey CE, Shibata N, Asakawa S, Shimizu N (2002) DMY is a Y-specific DM-domain gene required for male development in the medaka fish. Nature 417(6888):559–563CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Mims SD, Shelton WL, Linhart O, Wang C (1997) Induced meiotic gynogenesis of paddlefish Polyodon spathula. JWAS 28(4):334–343Google Scholar
  44. Miura C, Higashino T, Miura T (2007) A progestin and an estrogen regulate early stages of oogenesis in fish. Biol Reprod 77(5):822–828CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Myosho T, Otake H, Masuyama H, Matsuda M, Kuroki Y, Fujiyama A, Naruse K, Hamaguchi S, Sakaizumi M (2012) Tracing the emergence of a novel sex-determining gene in medaka, Oryzias luzonensis. Genetics 191(1):163–170CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  46. Nakamura M, Kobayashi T, Chang XT, Nagahama Y (1998) Gonadal sex differentiation in teleost fish. J Exp Zool 281(5):362–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Omoto N, Maebayashi M, Mitsuhashi E, Yoshitomi K, Adachi S, Yamauchi K (2001) Histological observations of gonadal sex differentiation in the F2 hybrid sturgeon, the bester. Fisheries Sci 67(6):1104–1110Google Scholar
  48. Omoto N, Maebayashi M, Mitsuhashi E, Yoshitomi K, Adachi S, Yamauchi K (2002) Effects of estradiol-17β and 17α-methyltestosterone on gonadal sex differentiation in the F2 hybrid sturgeon, the bester. Fish Sci 68(5):1047–1054CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Omoto N, Maebayashi M, Adachi S, Arai K, Yamauchi K (2005) Sex ratios of triploids and gynogenetic diploids induced in the hybrid sturgeon, the bester (Huso huso female× Acipenser ruthenus male). Aquaculture 245(1):39–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Penman DJ, Piferrer F (2008) Fish gonadogenesis. Part I: genetic and environmental mechanisms of sex determination. Rev Fish Sci 16(S1):16–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Piferrer F, Guiguen Y (2008) Fish gonadogenesis. Part II: molecular biology and genomics of sex differentiation. Rev Fish Sci 16(S1):35–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Raghuveer K, Garhwal R, Wang DS, Bogerd J, Kirubagaran R, Rasheeda MK, Sreenivasulu G, Bhattachrya N, Tarangini S, Nagahama Y, Senthilkumaran B (2005) Effect of methyl testosterone- and ethinyl estradiol-induced sex differentiation on catfish, Clarias gariepinus: expression profiles of DMRT1, cytochrome P450aromatases and 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Fish Physiol Biochem 31(2–3):143–147CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Rzepkowska M, Ostaszewska T (2014) Proliferating cell nuclear antigen and vasa protein expression during gonadal development and sexual differentiation in cultured Siberian (Acipenser baerii Brandt, 1869) and Russian (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Brandt & Ratzeburg, 1833) sturgeon. Rev Aquaculture 6(2):75–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Saber MH, Hallajian A (2014) Study of sex determination system in ship sturgeon, Acipenser nudiventris using meiotic gynogenesis. Aquacult Int 22(1):273–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Shelton WL, Mims SD (2012) Evidence for female heterogametic sex determination in paddlefish Polyodon spathula based on gynogenesis. Aquaculture 356:116–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Shibata Y, Paul-Prasanth B, Suzuki A, Usami T, Nakamoto M, Matsuda M, Nagahama Y (2010) Expression of gonadal soma derived factor (GSDF) is spatially and temporally correlated with early testicular differentiation in medaka. Gene Expr Patterns 10(6):283–289CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Smith CA, Roeszler KN, Ohnesorg T, Cummins DM, Farlie PG, Doran TJ, Sinclair AH (2009) The avian Z-linked gene DMRT1 is required for male sex determination in the chicken. Nature 461(7261):267–271CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Sokolov L, Vasili’ev V (1989) Acipenser baerii Brandt, 1869. In: Holcik J (ed) The freshwater fish of Europe, Vol I, Part II, general introduction to fishes-Acipenseriformes. AULA-Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp 263–284Google Scholar
  59. Takehana Y, Matsuda M, Myosho T, Suster ML, Kawakami K, Shin IT, Kohara Y, Kuroki Y, Toyoda A, Fujiyama A, Hamaguchi S, Sakaizumi M, Naruse K (2014) Co-option of Sox3 as the male-determining factor on the Y chromosome in the fish Oryzias dancena. Nat Commun 5:4157CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Van Eenennaam AL (1997) Genetic Analysis of the Sex Determination Mechanism of White Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontamus Richardson). Research Theses and Dissertations, California Sea Grant College Program UC San Diego. Available via Accessed 1 Jan 1997
  61. Van Eenennaam A, Van Eenennaam J, Medrano J, Doroshov S (1999) Brief communication. Evidence of female heterogametic genetic sex determination in white sturgeon. J Hered 90(1):231–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Vidotto M, Grapputo A, Boscari E, Barbisan F, Coppe A, Grandi G, Kumar A, Congiu L (2013) Transcriptome sequencing and de novo annotation of the critically endangered Adriatic sturgeon. BMC Genomics 14:407CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  63. Vizziano D, Fostier A, Le Gac F, Loir M (1996) 20 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity in nonflagellated germ cells of rainbow trout testis. Biol Reprod 54(1):1–7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Vizziano D, Randuineau G, Baron D, Cauty C, Guiguen Y (2007) Characterization of early molecular sex differentiation in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Dev Dyn 236(8):2198–2206CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Vizziano D, Baron D, Randuineau G, Mahe S, Cauty C, Guiguen Y (2008) Rainbow trout gonadal masculinization induced by inhibition of estrogen synthesis is more physiological than masculinization induced by androgen supplementation. Biol Reprod 78(5):939–946CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Vizziano-Cantonnet D, Baron D, Mahe S, Cauty C, Fostier A, Guiguen Y (2008) Estrogen treatment up-regulates female genes but does not suppress all early testicular markers during rainbow trout male-to-female gonadal transdifferentiation. J Mol Endocrinol 41(5):277–288CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Vizziano-Cantonnet D, Di Landro S, Lasalle A, Martínez A, Mazzoni TS, Quagio-Grassiotto I (2016) Identification of the molecular sex-differentiation period in the Siberian sturgeon. Mol Reprod Dev 83(1):19–36CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Volff J (2005) Genome evolution and biodiversity in teleost fish. Heredity 94(3):280–294CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Wei Q, Fe K, Zhang J, Zhuang P, Luo J, Zhou R, Yang W (1997) Biology, fisheries, and conservation of sturgeons and paddlefish in China. In: sturgeon biodiversity and conservation. Environ Biol Fish 17:241–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Williot P, Brun R (1998) Ovarian development and cycles in cultured Siberian sturgeon, Acipenser baeri. Aquat Living Resour 11(02):111–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Williot P, Brun R, Rouault T, Pelard M, Mercier D, Ludwig A (2005) Artificial spawning in cultured sterlet sturgeon, Acipenser ruthenus L., with special emphasis on hermaphrodites. Aquaculture 246(1):263–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Wrobel K-H, Hees I, Schimmel M, Stauber E (2002) The genus Acipenser as a model system for vertebrate urogenital development: nephrostomial tubules and their significance for the origin of the gonad. Anat Embryol 205(1):67–80CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Wuertz S, Gaillard S, Barbisan F, Carle S, Congiu L, Forlani A, Aubert J, Kirschbaum F, Tosi E, Zane L, Grillasca J-P (2006) Extensive screening of sturgeon genomes by random screening techniques revealed no sex-specific marker. Aquaculture 258(1):685–688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Yamamoto Y, Zhang Y, Sarida M, Hattori RS, Strussmann CA (2014) Coexistence of genotypic and temperature-dependent sex determination in pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis. PLoS One 9(7):e102574CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  75. Yano A, Nicol B, Guerin A, Guiguen Y (2011a) The duplicated rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) T-box transcription factors 1, tbx1a and tbx1b, are up-regulated during testicular development. Mol Reprod Dev 78(3):172–180CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Yano A, Nicol B, Valdivia K, Juanchich A, Desvignes T, Caulier M, Zadeh AV, Guerin A, Jouanno E, Nguyen T (2011b) Sex in salmonids: from gonadal differentiation to genetic sex determination. Indian J Sci Technol 4(S8):60–61Google Scholar
  77. Yano A, Guyomard R, Nicol B, Jouanno E, Quillet E, Klopp C, Cabau C, Bouchez O, Fostier A, Guiguen Y (2012) An immune-related gene evolved into the master sex-determining gene in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Curr Biol 22(15):1423–1428CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Yarmohammadi M, Pourkazemi M, Chakmehdouz F, Kazemi R (2011) Comparative study of male and female gonads in Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus) employing DNA-AFLP and CDNA-AFLP analysis. J Appl Ichthyol 27(2):510–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Yoshimoto S, Okada E, Umemoto H, Tamura K, Uno Y, Nishida-Umehara C, Matsuda Y, Takamatsu N, Shiba T, Ito M (2008) A W-linked DM-domain gene, DM-W, participates in primary ovary development in Xenopus laevis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105(7):2469–2474CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  80. Yoshimoto S, Ikeda N, Izutsu Y, Shiba T, Takamatsu N, Ito M (2010) Opposite roles of DMRT1 and its W-linked paralogue, DM-W, in sexual dimorphism of Xenopus laevis: implications of a ZZ/ZW-type sex-determining system. Development 137(15):2519–2526CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Yue H, Li C, Du H, Zhang S, Wei Q (2015) Sequencing and de novo assembly of the gonadal transcriptome of the endangered Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis). PLoS One 10(6):e0127332CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Denise Vizziano-Cantonnet
    • 1
  • Santiago Di Landro
    • 1
  • André Lasalle
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias, Laboratorio de Fisiología de la Reproducción y Ecología de PecesMontevideoUruguay

Personalised recommendations