Effects of Exposure to Ammonia in Water: Determination of the Sublethal and Lethal Levels in Siberian Sturgeon, Acipenser baerii

  • Guy Nonnotte
  • Dominique Salin
  • Patrick Williot


The initial aim of this work was to situate the sensitivity of the Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii B.) to ammonia compared with other species. Ammonia toxicity in the Siberian sturgeon was analysed, and the 24 h LC50 was performed for different weight groups. This sensitivity is currently determined by normalized tests of short duration, even if their practical application is difficult. During exposure to high levels of ammonia, we also observed alterations of the branchial tissue and modifications in haematological characteristics, in the behaviour of the fishes and tetany. Thus, the interpretation of these observations remains difficult, and we propose an experimental protocol under controlled conditions of pH, oxygen partial pressure PO2, carbon dioxide partial pressure PCO2, temperature and ammonia concentrations in water for 72 h duration to perform additional experiments in physiology and biochemistry.


Siberian sturgeon Acipenser baerii B. Ammonia Toxicity LC50 Experimental protocol 



We thank Dr. Karine Pichavant-Rafini (ORPHY laboratory, EA4324) and Michel Rafini (Professor at the Language Dpt) of the Brest University, for their kindness and constant availability, their help and their scientific advices. Moreover, we are extremely indebted and grateful to them for the English corrections.

Notes of the Authors

The experiments were performed since 1990 to 1994. They have been investigated in the “Laboratoire de Neurobiologie et Physiologie comparées, CNRS URA 1126 and the University of Bordeaux I, F-33120 Arcachon,” in collaboration with the IRSTEA (formerly CEMAGREF), F-33611 Cestas-Gazinet.

The present chapter was a redrawn version of a part of a PHD: Salin D (1992) La toxicité de l’ammoniaque chez l’esturgeon sibérien, Acipenser baerii: effets morphologiques, physiologiques, métaboliques d’une exposition à des doses sublétales et létales. Thèse N° 749, Université Bordeaux I pp134, financial grant of the IRSTEA (formerly CEMAGREF) and CNRS. Director of thesis: Truchot Jean-Paul; supervisors: Nonnotte Guy and Williot Patrick.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guy Nonnotte
    • 1
  • Dominique Salin
    • 2
  • Patrick Williot
    • 3
  1. 1.La Teste de BuchFrance
  2. 2.Saint Médard en JallesFrance
  3. 3.AudengeFrance

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