International Comparison of Water Resources Utilization Efficiency in China

Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Earth Sciences book series (EESCI)

Abstract

To obtain knowledge of the standard of water utilization of China from an international point of view, this paper analyzes the annual variation of water resources utilization in China, and compares with other typical countries. The study shows that water resources utilization efficiency has been greatly improved in China in the last 20 years and the water use amount per ten thousand-dollar GDP has declined by 88.6%. However, there is still room for improvement of water resources utilization efficiency compared to developed countries. The comparison of water utilization and human development shows that the higher Human Development Index (HDI) the country is, the more efficient water utilization the country has. The water utilization in China corresponds to its economic and social development with a little step forward. Development is the fundamental way to improve the standard of water utilization.

Keywords

Water resources Utilization Water use efficiency International comparison HDI 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC0503502) and the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (Grant No. 51409271)-study on threshold depth to groundwater for vegetation stability.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Long Yan
    • 1
  • Jing Ma
    • 1
  • Lanchao He
    • 2
  • Fei Wang
    • 3
  • Tao Chen
    • 4
  1. 1.China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower ResearchBeijingChina
  2. 2.Ministry of Water ResourcesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Asia Ecoenergy Development LimitedHong KongChina
  4. 4.Jade Investment LTDBeijingChina

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