Estimation of Environmental Water Requirements via an Ecological Approach: A Case Study of Yongnian Wetland, Haihe Basin, China

  • Lingyue Wang
  • Xiaoliu YangEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Earth Sciences book series (EESCI)


Due to natural change and special human destruction, the area of wetland is greatly decreasing. To recover the wetland ecological system has become an urgent task that must be faced. Water plays an important role in the course of wetland recovery. With Yongnian wetland as a case study, the ecological function method was used, based on structures and functions of the wetland ecological system, the ecological water requirement was divided into four parts: water requirement of wetland vegetation, water requirement of wetland soil, water requirement of wildlife habitats and water requirement of recharging ground water. According to the indexes that were presented in the paper, each part was classified to three grades, respectively. According to the formulas that were given in the paper, all kinds of ecological water requirement of Yongnian wetland were calculated; the results showed that the least ecological water requirement is 1.256 × 108 m3. The proper ecological water requirement is between 3.041 × 108 m3 and 4.301 × 108 m3, and the most ecological water requirement is 6.350 × 108 m3.


Wetland ecosystem health Ecological water requirement Haihe River basin Yongnian wetland 



This research was supported by the Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment of China, 2012.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Urban and Environmental SciencePeking UniversityBeijingChina

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