Numerical Simulation for Impacts of Mountainous Tunnel Drainage on Groundwater Environment

  • Yong Xiao
  • Qichen Hao
  • Jingli ShaoEmail author
  • Yali Cui
  • Qiulan Zhang
Part of the Environmental Earth Sciences book series (EESCI)


Mountainous tunnel drainage can cause various negative impacts on the groundwater environment and human life; as a result, it is necessary that the drainage is quantitatively estimated and minimized during the construction period. In this study, a numerical model was conducted to predict the influences of mountainous tunnel drainage on the groundwater environment in northern China. The results show that the drainage would change the groundwater flow field and form drawdown funnels; however, it would not cause regional groundwater drawdown. Besides, the discharge amount of springs was also affected by the tunnel drainage, and the maximum reducing amount was up to 25%. The storage resources of the aquifers were decreased under the effect of tunnel drainage. All negative influences could be gradually eliminated after the strong drainage. This research can provide effective methods to measure and decrease the impacts of tunnel drainage.


Numerical modelling Groundwater Tunnel drainage Water inflow Environment 



This research was financially supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Public Research Institutes (YYWF201626), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2652016022), the Public Welfare Industry Special Funds for Scientific Research from Ministry of Land and Resources of China (201211079-4) and China Railway Tunnel Survey & Design Institute CO., LTD.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong Xiao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qichen Hao
    • 3
  • Jingli Shao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yali Cui
    • 1
  • Qiulan Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Water Resources and EnvironmentChina University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological SciencesShijiazhuangChina

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