The Sustainable Use of Fine Marble Waste Powder for the Stabilization of Desert Sand in Oman

  • Mohsin U. QureshiEmail author
  • Bushra Al-Sawafi
  • Maryam Al-Washahi
  • Moza Al-Saidi
  • Salima Al-Badi
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


The Sultanate of Oman has gone through a tremendous development over the last four decades and envisions more environment friendly and sustainable infrastructure. As a result of this infrastructure development, quantities of several types of waste have dramatically increased. Recently, the use of waste materials as a soil additive has become widespread. Nevertheless, in Oman marble waste generally ends up in municipality dump sites. Recent practice has demonstrated partial replacement of marble waste for soil stabilization. This paper explored possibilities for the sustainable invigoration of marble waste as an environment friendly recycled material in Oman. In this study, marble waste powder was mixed with desert sand at various proportions and the strength, deformation, compaction and permeability characteristics of sand-marble waste mix were elucidated. Triaxial test results indicated an increase in strength and deformation response by the addition of marble waste in sand. Further, a decrease in permeability was observed by the addition of marble waste. The strength parameters obtained were utilized to calculate the bearing capacity for shallow foundations. The geotechnical properties of sand-marble waste mixes elucidated in this study reveals that the waste marble if mixed with sand, not only increase the bearing capacity for shallow foundations in desert but also eliminates its disposal at the landfill sites.



The present research was carried out under the financial support provided by the Research Council of Oman under the FURAP grant awarded in 2015. The authors are also indebted to the technicians at Sohar University for their support in the performance of experiments. The authors are thankful to Al-Turki Enterprices L.L.C., Sohar Industrial Estate, Sohar, Sultanate of Oman, for allowing the visit to the facility and permission for the collection of marble waste powder.


  1. Acchar, W., et al.: Effect of marble and granite sludge in clay materials. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 419, 306–309 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agrawal, V., Gupta, M.: Expansive soils stabilization using marble dust. Int. J. Earth Sci. Eng. 4, 59–66 (2011)Google Scholar
  3. Al-Jabri, K.S., et al.: Potential use of FCC spent catalyst as partial replacement of cement or sand in cement mortars. Constr. Build. Mater. 39, 77–81 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Al-Kindi, A.H.: Oman waste management sector workshop by Oman Environment Services Holding Company, Muscat, Oman, 5 February 2010Google Scholar
  5. Almeida, N., et al.: Recycling of stone slurry in industrial activities: application to concrete mixtures. Build. Environ. 42(2), 810–819 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Al-Rawas, A.A., et al.: Sand-attapulgite clay mixtures as a landfill liner. Geotech. Geol. Eng. 24, 1365–1383 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. ASTM. ASTM designation ASTM D2434: Standard Test Method for Permeability of Granular Soils (Constant Head) (2000)Google Scholar
  8. ASTM. ASTM designation ASTM D6913: Standard Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis (2009)Google Scholar
  9. ASTM. ASTM designation D 558: standard test methods for moisture-density (unit weight) relations of soil-cement mixtures (2011)Google Scholar
  10. ASTM. ASTM designation ASTM D7181: Method for Consolidated Drained Triaxial Compression Test for Soils (2011a)Google Scholar
  11. ASTM. ASTM designation ASTM D854: Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Water Pycnometer (2014)Google Scholar
  12. Aukour, F.J.: Incorporation of marble sludge in industrial building eco-blocks or cement bricks formulation. Jordan J. Civ. Eng. 3(1), 58–65 (2009)Google Scholar
  13. Bilgin, N., et al.: Use of waste marble powder in brick industry. Constr. Build. Mater. 29, 449–457 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Coduto, D.P.: Foundation Design, Principles and Practices, 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, New Jersey (2001)Google Scholar
  15. Dhanapandian, S., et al.: Utilization of granite and marble sawing powder wastes as brick materials. Carpathian J. Earth Environ. Sci. 4(2), 147–160 (2009)Google Scholar
  16. Dietrich, R.V., Skinner, B.J.: Rocks and Rock Minerals, 6th edn. John Wiley and Sons, New York (1979)Google Scholar
  17. Glennie, K.W.: The desert of SE Arabia: a product of climatic change. In: Alsharhan, A.S., Glennie, K.W., Whittle, G.L., Kendall, C.G.S.T.C. (eds.) Quaternary Deserts and Climatic Change, pp. 279–291. Balkema, Rotterdam (1998)Google Scholar
  18. Gurer, C., et al.: Recycling and re-evaluation of different building materials as a source of raw material in the construction industry. In: 5th Industrial Raw Materials Symposium, pp. 28–36, Izmir, Turkey, 13–14 May 2004Google Scholar
  19. Khan, S.A.: Physical characteristics of fine soil stabilized with marble industry waste. In: 7th International Congress on Civil Engineering, Tehran, Iran, 7–10 May 2006Google Scholar
  20. Luodes, H., et al.: Characteristics and the environmental acceptability of the natural stone quarrying waste rocks. Bull. Eng. Geol. Environ. 71, 257–261 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Misra, A.K., et al.: A new technology of marble slurry waste utilization in road. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 69, 67–72 (2010)Google Scholar
  22. Mohamedzein, Y.E.A., Al-Aghbari, M.Y.: The use of municipal solid waste incinerator ash to stabilize dune sands. Geotech. Geol. Eng. 30, 1335–1344 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pease, P., et al.: Mineralogical characterization and transport pathways of dune sand using Landsat TM data, Wahiba Sand Sea, Sultanate of Oman. J. Geomorphol. 29(3–4), 235–249 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pease, P.P., Tchakerian, V.P.: Composition and sources of sand in the Wahiba Sand Sea, Sultanate of Oman. Can. Geotech. J. 40(5), 416–434 (2003)Google Scholar
  25. Ramadas, T.L., et al.: Swelling and strength characteristics of expansive soil treated with stone dust and fly Ash. In: Indian Geotechnical Conference 2010, GEOtrendz, Bombay, pp. 557–560, 16–18 December 2010Google Scholar
  26. Rizzo, G., et al.: Problems of soil and groundwater pollution in the disposal of ‘‘marble’’ slurries in NW Sicily. Environ. Geol. 55, 929–935 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sivrikaya, O., et al.: Recycling of waste from natural stone processing plants to stabilize clayey soil. Environ. Earth Sci. 71, 4397–4407 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Taha, R., et al.: An overview of waste materials recycling in Sultanate of Oman. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 41(4), 293–306 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Taspolat, L.T., et al.: The effect of marble waste powder on the freeze—thaw in impermeable clay layers. Electron. J. Constr. Technol. 2, 11–16 (2006)Google Scholar
  30. Unal, O., Uygunoglu, T.: Investigation of mechanical properties of concretes with waste marble powder under the effect of freeze-thaw. In: Turkish 4th Marble Symposium, Afyon, pp. 147–157, 18–19 December 2003Google Scholar
  31. Uysal, M.: The effect of marble powder on the workability and strength properties of self-compacting concrete. In: 2nd International Congress on the Marble and Natural Stones, Izmir, Turkey, pp. 326–334, 2–4 February 2010Google Scholar
  32. Zorluer, I., Taspolat, L.T.: Reuse of waste marble dust in the landfill layer. In: 1st International Symposium on Sustainable Development, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 9–10 June 2009Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohsin U. Qureshi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bushra Al-Sawafi
    • 1
  • Maryam Al-Washahi
    • 1
  • Moza Al-Saidi
    • 1
  • Salima Al-Badi
    • 1
  1. 1.Civil EngineeringSohar UniversitySoharOman

Personalised recommendations