Etiology: Etiological and Pathogenic Theories of Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome

  • Jørgen NordlingEmail author
  • David Staskin
  • Naoki Yoshimura


When this chapter was first written in 1990, Interstitial Cystitis (IC) had no established universally accepted definition and no widely agreed upon diagnostic criteria. Consequently, patients receiving the clinical diagnosis constituted a wide range of different phenotypes of urinary frequency, urgency or pain—a diagnosis established primarily based on symptoms—depending on the diagnostic criteria created by the individual doctor making the diagnosis.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jørgen Nordling
    • 1
    Email author
  • David Staskin
    • 1
  • Naoki Yoshimura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyHerlev HospitalHerlevDenmark

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