Partial Denervation Procedures for Bladder Pain Syndrome
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Partial denervation of bladder was used to treat severe urgency and urge incontinence in women and was first documented in the year 1959 . Over the period of years, Ingleman and Sundeberg documented and advocated the efficacy of this procedure of partial denervation of the urinary bladder through the vaginal route [2, 3]. Cespedes and co workers published the results of the same procedure with minor modifications to treat urge incontinence in women [4, 5]. Rackley and Abdalmalak in their compilation of surgical management of overactive bladder have summarized the various possible denervation techniques of bladder for use in intractable cases .
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