Advertisement

18F FDG PET/CT: Normal Variants, Artefacts and Pitfalls in Head and Neck Malignancy

  • Nilendu C. PurandareEmail author
  • Archi Agrawal
  • Sneha Shah
  • Venkatesh Rangarajan
Chapter
Part of the Clinicians’ Guides to Radionuclide Hybrid Imaging book series (CGRHI)

Abstract

This review depicts the unusual patterns of physiological and inflammatory FDG uptake in the head-neck region. Pitfalls and Artefacts arising due to treatment-related complications are also described.

References

  1. 1.
    Graham MM, Menda Y. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography imaging of head and neck tumors: an atlas. Semin Nucl Med. 2005;35:220–52.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    King KG, Kositwattanarerk A, Genden E, Kao J, Som PM, Kostakoglu L. Cancers of the oral cavity and oropharynx: FDG PET with contrast-enhanced CT in the posttreatment setting. Radiographics. 2011;31:355–73.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Purandare NC, Puranik AD, Shah S, Agrawal A, Rangarajan V. Post-treatment appearances, pitfalls, and patterns of failure in head and neck cancer on FDG PET/CT imaging. Indian J Nucl Med. 2014;29:151–7.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Offiah C, Hall E. Post-treatment imaging appearances in head and neck cancer patients. Clin Radiol. 2011;66:13–24.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Naidich MJ, Weissman JL. Reconstructive myofascial skull-base flaps: normal appearance on CT and MR imaging studies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996;167:611–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Matthews R, Shrestha P, Franceschi D, et al. Head and neck cancers: post-therapy changes in muscles with FDG PET-CT. Clin Nucl Med. 2010;35:494–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Greven KM, Williams DW 3rd, McGuirt WF Sr, et al. Serial positron emission tomography scans following radiation therapy of patients with head and neck cancer. Head Neck. 2001;23:942–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yao M, Smith RB, Graham MM, et al. The role of FDG PET in management of neck metastasis from head-and-neck cancer after definitive radiation treatment. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2005;63:991–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tan A, Adelstein DJ, Rybicki LA, et al. Ability of positron emission tomography to detect residual neck node disease in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma after definitive chemoradiotherapy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;133:435–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ricci PE, Karis JP, Heiserman JE, et al. Differentiating recurrent tumour from radiation necrosis: time for re-evaluation of positron emission tomography? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1998;19:407e13.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hermans R. Posttreatment imaging in head and neck cancer. Eur J Radiol. 2008;66:501–11.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hermans R, Pameijer FA, Mancuso AA, Parsons JT, Mendenhall WM. CT findings in chondroradionecrosis of the larynx. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1998;19:711–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fukui MB, Blodgett TM, Snyderman CH, Johnson JJ, Myers EN, Townsend DW, Meltzer CC. Combined PET-CT in the head and neck: part 2. Diagnostic uses and pitfalls of oncologic imaging. Radiographics. 2005;25:913–30.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nilendu C. Purandare
    • 1
    Email author
  • Archi Agrawal
    • 1
  • Sneha Shah
    • 1
  • Venkatesh Rangarajan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular ImagingTata Memorial CentreMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations