Advertisement

Overview of Findings on HSR Accessibility

Chapter
  • 476 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter provides an introductory background to understand the relationship between accessibility and HSR. The impact of speed on accessibility is first presented along with determinant HSR characteristics and operating models. Previous studies on the accessibility of HSR systems are thus analyzed and categorized. Finally, few pertinent implications are highlighted to develop a conceptual framework for the present study.

Keywords

HSR Impact Speed Accessibility Operation Cities Station Stops Mixed Ridership Freight Economic Measure Intermediate Conventional 

References

  1. AMTRAK (2010) Northeast Corridor Boston/Springfield and Washington. Retrieved 22 Feb 2011: http://www.amtrak.com/
  2. Anderson J (2001) Government ends scoping study on East Coast very high speed train network (Media Release). Retrieved 14 Aug 2010: http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au:80/parlInfo/download/media/pressrel/OH766/upload_binary/oh7661.pdf;fileType%3Dapplication%2Fpdf
  3. ARUP-TMG (2001) East coast high speed train scoping study—stage 1. Preliminary study. High speed train branch, Department of Transport and Regional Services, Australian Government, CanberraGoogle Scholar
  4. Atkins Engineering Consultancy (2003) High speed line study. High Speed Rail Report. London, AtkinsGoogle Scholar
  5. Atkins Engineering Consultancy (2010) Strategic outline case. High speed rail report. Atkins, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Banister D (1993) Transport planning: an international perspective. E&FN Spon, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Banister D (2008) The sustainable mobility paradigm. Transp Policy 15:73–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Banister D, Berechman Y (2001) Transport investment and the promotion of economic growth. J Transp Geogr 9(3):209–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Banister D, Givoni M (2013) High speed rail in the EU27: trends, time, accessibility and principles. Built Environ 39(3):324–338Google Scholar
  10. Banister D, Marshall S (2000) Encouraging transport alternatives: good practice in reducing travel. The Stationery Office, LondonGoogle Scholar
  11. Banister D, Thurstain GM (2010) Quantification of the non-transport benefits resulting from rail investment. J Transp Geogr. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2010.05.001 Google Scholar
  12. Ben-Akiva M, Lerman SR (1979) Disaggregate travel and mobility choice models and measures of accessibility. In: Hensher DA, Stopher PR (eds) Behavioural travel modelling. Croom Helm, London, pp 654–679Google Scholar
  13. Bertolini L (1998) Station area redevelopment in five European countries: an international perspective on a complex planning challenge. Int Plan Stud 3(2):21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bertolini L (2008) Station areas as nodes and places in urban networks: an analytical tool and alternative development strategies. In: Bruinsma F, Pels E, Priemus H, Rietveld P, van Wee B (eds) Railway development: impacts on urban dynamics. Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg, pp 35–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bertolini L, Curtis C, Renne J (2012) Station area projects in Europe and beyond: towards transit oriented development? Built Environ 38(1):31–50Google Scholar
  16. Bertolini L, le Clercq F (2003) Urban development without more mobility by car? Lessons from Amsterdam, a multimodal urban region. Environ Plan A 35(4):575–589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bertolini L, Spit T (1998) Cities on rails: the redevelopment of railway station areas. E&FN Spon, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Bertolini L, le Clercq F, Kapoen L (2005) Sustainable accessibility: a conceptual framework to integrate transport and land use plan-making. Two test-applications in the Netherlands and a reflection on the way forward. Transp Policy 12(3):207–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bonnafous A (1987) The regional impact of the TGV. Transportation 14:127–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bonnafous A (2002) The regional impact of the TGV. Class Transp Anal 3:480–490Google Scholar
  21. Brons M, Givoni M, Rietveld P (2009) Access to railway stations and its potential in increasing rail use. Transp Res A Policy Pract 43(2):136–149Google Scholar
  22. Bruinsma F, Nijkamp P, Rietveld P (1992) Regional economic transformation and social overhead investments. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie 83(1):3–12Google Scholar
  23. Bruinsma F, Pels E, Priemus H, Pietveld P, van Wee B (2008) Railway development. Impact on urban dynamics. Physica, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  24. Bruinsma F, Rietveld P (1993) Urban agglomerations in European infrastructure networks. Urb Stud 30(6):919–934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Bruinsma F, Rietveld P (1997) A stated preference approach to measure the relative importance of location factors. Int J Dev Plan Lit 12:125–140Google Scholar
  26. Bruinsma F, Rietveld P (1998a) The accessibility of European cities: theoretical framework and comparison of approaches. Environ Plan A 30(3):499–521Google Scholar
  27. Bruinsma F, Rietveld P (1998b) The impact of accessibility on the valuation of cities as location for firms. In: Egeln J, Sitz H (eds) Stadte vor neuen Herausforderungen. Baden-Baden, NomosGoogle Scholar
  28. Burckhart K, Blair C (2009) Urban intermodality: potentials for connecting the cities’ public transport. In: Paper presented at the XV urban transport conferenceGoogle Scholar
  29. Burmeister A, Colletis-Wahl K (1998) Proximity in networks. The role of transport infrastructure. 19 In Reggiani A (ed) Accessibility, trade and locational behaviour. Ashgate, Aldershot, pp 201–218Google Scholar
  30. Campos J (2008) Recent changes in the Spanish rail model: the role of competition. Rev Netw Econ 7(1):1–17MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Campos J, de Rus G (2009) Some stylized facts about high-speed rail: a review of HSR experiences around the world. Transp Policy 16(1):19–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Campos J, de Rus G, Barron I (2009) A review of HSR experiences around the world. In: de Rus G (ed) Economic analysis of high speed rail in Europe. BBVA Foundation, BilbaoGoogle Scholar
  33. Cervero R (2006) economic growth in urban regions: implications for future transportation. Forum on the Future of Urban Transportation, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  34. China Daily (2010) Debate: high-speed rail. Zhao Jian: blind pursuit fails to meet needs. Retrieved 1 Feb 2011: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/
  35. CRC Rail-Cooperative Research Centre for Rail Innovation (2010) High-speed Rail: Strategic information for the Australian context. Final report by von der Heidt, t. et al. Brisbane: CRC AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  36. de Rus G (2008) The economic effects of high speed rail investment. Discussion Paper 16. OECD Publishing, ParisGoogle Scholar
  37. de Rus G (2011) The BCA of HSR: should the government invest in high speed rail infrastructure? J Benefit-Costa Anal 2(1):1–28Google Scholar
  38. de Rus G (2012) Economic analysis of high speed rail in Europe. Fundacion BBVA, MadridGoogle Scholar
  39. de Rus G, Ingalada V (1997) Cost-benefits analysis of the high speed train in Spain. Ann Reg Sci 31:175–188Google Scholar
  40. de Rus G, Nombela G (2007) Is investment in high speed rail socially profitable? J Transp Econ Policy 41(1):3–23Google Scholar
  41. Debrezion G, Pels E, Rietveld P (2009) Modelling the joint access mode and railway station choice. Transp Res E Logist Transp Rev 45(1):270–283Google Scholar
  42. Domanski R (1979) Accessibility, efficiency and spatial organization. Environ Plan A 11:1189–1206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (2006) National spatial strategy. Crating Space for Development. Part 4. The Hague. Retrieved 14 Aug 2010: http://international.vrom.nl/docs/international/engelsesamenvattingnr.pdf
  44. Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management (2006) Mobility policy document. Towards reliable and predictable accessibility. Part 4. The Hague. Retrieved 14 Aug 2010: http://www.vananaarbeter.nl/notamobiliteit/content/pdf/nm3/PKB3UK.pdf
  45. Elhorst JP, and Oosternhave J (2008) Integral cost-benefit analysis of Maglev rail projects under market imperfections. J Transp Land-Use 1(1): 65-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.v1i1.12
  46. EU (European Union) (1996) Interoperability of the trans-European high speed rail system—council directive 96/48/EC. Off J Eur Union L235:0006–0024Google Scholar
  47. EuroCarex (2017) The European high speed rail freight network. Retrieved 27 Feb 2017: http://www.eurocarex.com/img/map-en.jpg
  48. FRA (Federal Railroad Administration) (2009) Vision for high speed rail in America. USDOT, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  49. Flyvbjerg B, Bruzelius N, Rothengatter W (2003) Megaprojects and risk: an anatomy of ambition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. GAO (Government Accountability Office) (2009) High speed passenger rail: future development will depend on addressing financial and other challenges and establishing a clear federal role. Report 09-317Google Scholar
  51. Garmendia M (2008) Cambios en la estructura urbana y territorial facilitados por la alta velocidad ferroviaria, la lı´nea Madrid–Sevilla a su paso por la provincia de Ciudad Real. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Ciudad RealGoogle Scholar
  52. Garmendia M, Ribalaygua C, Urena JM (2012) High speed rail: implication for cities. Cities 29:S26–S31Google Scholar
  53. Garmendia M, Urena JM, Coronado JM (2011) Long-distance trips in a sparsely populated region: the impact of high-speed infrastructures. J Transp Geogr 19(4):537–551Google Scholar
  54. Garmendia M, Urena JM, Ribalaygua C, Leal J, Coronado JM (2008) Urban residential development in isolated small cities that are partially integrated in metropolitan areas by high speed train. Eur Urb Reg Stud 15(3):249–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Garmendia M, Urena JM, Rivas A, Coronado JM, Menendez M, Gallego JI, Romero V (2009) High speed rail, a new mode of suburban metropolitan transport. WIT Transp Built Environ 107:265–274Google Scholar
  56. Gertler P (2009) Educating America about high speed rail. HNTB white paperGoogle Scholar
  57. Geurs KT, Halden D (2015) Accessibility: theory and practice in the Netherlands and UK. In: Hickman R, Bonilla D, Givoni M, Banister D (eds) Handbook on transport and development. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp 459–475Google Scholar
  58. Geurs KT, Patuelli R, Dentinho T (2016) Accessibility, equity and efficiency. Challenges for transport and public services. Edward Elgar, Northampton, USAGoogle Scholar
  59. Geurs KT, van Wee B (2013) Accessibility: perspectives, measures and applications. In: van Wee B, Annema JA, Banister D (eds) The transport system and transport policy: an introduction. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp 207–226Google Scholar
  60. Geurs KT, van Wee B, Rietveld P (2006) Accessibility appraisal of integrated land-use-transport strategies: methodology and case study for the Netherlands Randstad area. Environ Plan B Plan Design 33(5):639–660Google Scholar
  61. Givoni M (2006) Development and impact of the modern high-speed train: a review. Transp Rev 26(5):593–611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Givoni M, Rietveld P (2007) The access journey to the railway station and its role in passengers’ satisfaction with rail travel. Transp Policy 14(5):357–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Givoni M, Rietveld P (2014) Do cities deserve more railway stations? The choice of a departure railway station in a multiple station region. J Transp Geogr 36:89–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Gordon C (2010) Density and LRT: the case of Canberra, Australia. In Paper presented at the 89th transportation research board annual meetingGoogle Scholar
  65. Gourvish T (2009) The high speed rail revolution: history and prospects. HS2, LondonGoogle Scholar
  66. Greengauge21 (2010) Fast forward. A high speed rail strategy for Britain. Retrieved 17 Feb 2011: http://www.greengauge21.net
  67. Guirao B, Menendez J, Rivas A (2005) Bimodal use of high-speed rail lines. Transp Res Rec J Transp Res Brd 1916:1–7Google Scholar
  68. Guirao B, Soler F (2009) Regional high-speed rail lines and small city mobility: a Spanish experience. In: Proceedings of the 88th TRB annual meeting, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  69. Guirao B, Soler F (2010). New high-speed rail services in the United States: lessons from Spain. In: Proceedings of the 89th TRB annual meeting. Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  70. Gutiérrez J (2001) Location, economic potential and daily accessibility: an analysis of the accessibility impact of the high-speed line Madrid–Barcelona–French border. J Transp Geogr 9(4):229–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Gutiérrez J (2013) Transport geography in Spain. J Transp Geogr 28:216–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Gutiérrez J, Cardozo OD, Garcia-Palomares JC (2011) Transit ridership forecasting at station level: an approach based on distance-decay weighted regression. J Transp Geogr 19:1081–1092Google Scholar
  73. Gutiérrez J, Condeco-Melhorado A, Martín JC (2010) Using accessibility indicators and GIS to assess spatial spillovers of transport infrastructure investment. J Transp Geogr 18(1):141–152Google Scholar
  74. Gutiérrez J, Gonzalez R, Gomez G (1996) The European high-speed train network. Predicted effects on accessibility patterns. J Transp Geogr 4(4):227–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Gutiérrez J, Monzón A, Piñero JM (1998) Accessibility, network efficiency, and transport infrastructure planning. Environ Plan A 30(8):1337–1350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Gutiérrez J, Urbano P (1996) Accessibility in the European Union: the impact of the trans-European road network. J Transp Geogr 4:15–25Google Scholar
  77. Hall P (1995) Towards a general urban theory. In: Brotchie J, Batty M, Blakely E, Hall P, Newton P (eds) Cities in competition: productive and sustainable cities for the 21st Century. Longman Australia, Melbourne, pp 3–31Google Scholar
  78. Hall P (1999) The European high-speed train and urban development: experiences in fourteen European regions. Prog Hum Geogr 23(4):670–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Hall P (2009) Magic carpets and seamless webs: opportunities and constraints for high speed trains in Europe. Built Environ 35(1):59–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Hall P, Pain K (2006) The polycentric metropolis: learning from mega-city regions in Europe. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  81. Handy S, Niemeier DA (1997) Measuring accessibility: an exploration of issues and alternatives. Environ Plan A 29(7):1175–1194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Hansen WG (1959) How accessibility shapes land-use. J Am Inst Plan 25:73–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Harman R (2006) High speed trains and the development and regeneration of cities. Retrieved 12 Jan 2010: http://www.greengauge21.net/
  84. Haynes KE (1997) Labor markets and regional transportation improvements: the case of high-speed trains—an introduction and review. Ann Reg Sci 31(1):57–76Google Scholar
  85. Hensher D (1997) A practical approach to identifying the market potential for high speed rail: a case study in the Sydney-Canberra corridor. Transp Res A 31(6):431–446Google Scholar
  86. Infrastructure Australia (2008) Infrastructure Australia Act 2008. Retrieved 14 Aug 2010: http://www.infrastructureaustarlia.gov.au
  87. Krugman P (2009) More on density and rail. Retrieved 23 Feb 2011: http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/08/25/
  88. Kwan M-P, Weber J (2008) Scale and accessibility: implications for the analysis of land use-travel interaction. Appl Geogr 28(2):110–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Leonardi G (1978) Optimum facility location by accessibility maximizing. Environ Plan A 10:1287–1305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Levinson D (2010) Economic development impacts of HSR. Working paper for the Department of Civil Engineering, University of MinnesotaGoogle Scholar
  91. Liang XH, Tan KH, Whiteing A, Nash C, Johnson D (2016) Parcels and mail by high speed rail—a comparative analysis of Germany, France and China. J Rail Transp Plan Manag 6(2):77–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. López E (2007) Assessment of Transport Infrastructure Plans: a Strategic Approach Integrating Efficiency, Cohesion and Environmental Aspects. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, MadridGoogle Scholar
  93. López E, Gutiérrez J, Gómez G (2008a) Measuring regional cohesion effects of large-scale transport infrastructure investments: an accessibility approach. Eur Plan Stud 16(2):277–301Google Scholar
  94. López E, Monzon A, Ortega E, Mancebo S (2008b) Strategic assessment of transport infrastructure plans on European integration: application for the Spanish strategic transport and infrastructure plan 2005–2020. In: Paper Presented at the 87th transportation research board annual meetingGoogle Scholar
  95. López E, Monzón A, Ortega E, Mancebo S (2009) Assessment of cross-border spillover effects of national transport infrastructure plans: an accessibility approach. Transp Rev 29(4):515–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Lynch T (2002) Florida high-speed ground transportation economic benefit and cost impact restudy & public transportation financing and subsidies by mode in the United States, p. 31. Retrieved 14 Aug 2010: http://www.floridabullettrain.com/content/economics.pdf
  97. Marshall S (2001) The challenge of sustainable transport. In: Layard A, Davoudi S, Batty S (eds) Planning for a sustainable future. Spon, London, pp 131–147Google Scholar
  98. Martín JC (2008) Impact of new high speed trains on mobility. Revista de Economia Aplicada 16(47):5–23Google Scholar
  99. Martín JC, Reggiani A (2007) Recent methodological developments to measure spatial interaction: synthetic accessibility indices applied to high-speed train investments. Transp Rev 27(5):551–571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Martín JC, Gutiérrez J, Román C (2004) Data envelopment analysis (DEA) index to measure the accessibility impacts of new infrastructure investments: the case of the high-speed train corridor Madrid–Barcelona–French border. Reg Stud 38(6):697–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Martínez H (2008) La estructura del transporte en Castilla-La Mancha y susimplicaciones territoriales. Doctoral Thesis Dissertation (unpublished), UCLM, SpainGoogle Scholar
  102. Martínez H (2012) Regional accessibility and spatial impacts of transport networks. An application in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). Boletin del la Asociacion de Geografos Espanoles 59:79–103Google Scholar
  103. Martínez H, Givoni M (2012) The accessibility impact of a new high-speed rail line in the UK—a preliminary analysis of winners and losers. J Transp Geogr 24:105–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Menéndez JM, Coronado JM, Guirao B, Rodríguez FJ, Ribalaygua C, Rivas A, and Ureña JM (2006) Diseño, dimensión óptima y emplazamiento de estaciones de alta velocidad en ciudades de tamaño pequeño. Cuadernos de Ingeniería y Territorio 7Google Scholar
  105. Menéndez JM, Coronado JM, Rivas A (2001) Rural areas accessibility improvements due to the implementation of high speed rail lines. In: European transport conference paperGoogle Scholar
  106. Menéndez JM, Coronado JM, Rivas A (2002) Incidencias socioeconomicas de la construccion y explotacion de la linea ferroviaria de alta velocidad en ciudadesde tamano pequeno. El caso de Ciudad Real y de Puertollano. Estudios deConstrucción y Transportes 94:29–54Google Scholar
  107. Menéndez JM, Guirao B, Coronado JM, Rivas A, Rodríguez FJ, Ribalaygua C, Ureña JM (2011) New high-speed rail lines and small cities: locating the station. WIT Press. doi: 10.2495/URS020771
  108. Menerault P (1996) TGV et transports ferres régionaux dans le Nord-Pas-de-Calais: analyse d’une politique publique locale. Annales Les Pays-Bas Français 21:45–62Google Scholar
  109. Menerault P (1997) Le TGV-Nord est-il soluble dans les “Figures de la concertation Française”? Les Cahiers Scientifiques du Transport 32:85–104Google Scholar
  110. Menerault P (1998) Processus de territorialisation des réseaux: Analyse de la grande vitesse ferroviaire à l’échelle régionale. Netw Commun Stud 12(1/2/3):161–184Google Scholar
  111. Menerault P (2006) Reseaux de transports publics a grande vitesse et aménagement aux croisements des echelles spatiales et temporelles. In: Dupuy G, Geneau I (eds) Changement d’échelle de l’activité économique et des réseaux Quelles conséquences pour l’aménagement? Editions du CNRSGoogle Scholar
  112. Menerault P (2008) Gares ferroviaires et projets métropolitains: une ville en mutation, POPSU-Lille, rapport final. Retrieved 14 Aug 2010: http://www.villesmoyennestemoins.fr/espacecommun/rapport_menerault.pdf
  113. Menerault P, Barré A (1997) TGV et recomposition des relations ferroviaires interregionales: L’exemple des relations Nord-Pas-de-Calais/Picardie. In Nord-Pas-de-Calais: changement régional et dynamique des territoires. Lille, pp 367–381Google Scholar
  114. Menerault P, Barré A (2005) El TGV y la reorganizacion de los transporte feroviarios en la region de Nord-Pas-de-Calais. Ingenieria y Territorio 70:28–33Google Scholar
  115. Meyer D, Miller EJ (2001) Urban transportation planning. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  116. Murakami J, Cervero P (2010) California high speed rail and economic development: station area market profiles and public policy responses. University of California, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  117. Nash C (1991) The case for high speed rail. Institute for Transport Studies, The University of Leeds, Working Paper 323Google Scholar
  118. Nash A (2003) Best practices in shared-use high-speed rail systems. Report 02-02. Mineta Transportation Institute, San Jose, CAGoogle Scholar
  119. Nash C (2004) Rail policy and planning in Europe. Int J Transp Manag 2:1–3Google Scholar
  120. Nash C (2009) When to invest in high-speed rail links and networks? Discussion paper 16. OECD Publishing, Paris, p 24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Nijkamp P, Van Geenhuizen M (1997) European transport: challenges and opportunities for future research and policies. J Transp Geogr 5(1):4–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Offner JM (1985) Aspects méthodologiques d’un suivi exploratoire du VAL sur deux quartiers lillois. In Les suivis des grandes infrastructures de déplacements urbains, CETURGoogle Scholar
  123. Pazour JA, Meller RD, Pohl LM (2010) A model to design a national high-speed rail network for freight distribution. Transp Res A Policy Pract 44(3):119–135Google Scholar
  124. Pereira AM, Roca-Sagalés O (2003) Spillover effects of public capital formation: evidence from the Spanish regions. J Urb Econ 53(2):238–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Plassard F (1988) Le réseau TGV et les transformations de l’espace. La Region Rhone-Alpes, Les Annales de la Recherche Urbaine, p 39Google Scholar
  126. Plassard F (1990) TGV et amenagement du territoire. In: Association Villes et TGV (ed) Journee Villes et TGV, Le Creusot, October 1990. TEN, ParisGoogle Scholar
  127. Plassard F (1991) Le train a grande vitesse et le réseau des villes. Revue Transp 345:14–23Google Scholar
  128. Plassard F (1992a) L’impact territorial des liaisons à grande vitesse. In: Derycke PH (ed) Espace et dynamiques territoriales. Economica, Paris, pp 243–262Google Scholar
  129. Plassard F (1992b) Les villes et le TGV. Transp Urb 74:3–4Google Scholar
  130. Plassard F, Cointet-Pinell O (1986) Les effets socio-économiques du TGV en Bourgogne et Rhône-Alpes. Ministere de l’Equipement, du Logement, des Transports et du Tourisme, ParisGoogle Scholar
  131. Plotkin D (1997) Carrying freight on high-speed rail lines. J Transp Eng 123(3):199–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Pol PMJ (2002) A renaissance of stations, railways and cities. Economic effects, development strategies and organizational issues of european high speed train stations. DUP Science, DelftGoogle Scholar
  133. Pol PMJ (2008) HST stations and urban dynamics: experiences from four European cities. In: Bruinsma F, Pels E, Premus H, Rietveld P, van Wee B (eds) Railway developments: impacts on urban economics. Springer, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  134. PRC Ministry of Railways (2010) Planning of the national railway network (in Chinese). Retrieved 13 July 2010: http://www.china-mor.gov.cn/
  135. Preston J (2009) Trends in European railways over the last two decades. Built Environ 35(1):11–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Preston J (2010) The case for high speed rail: an update. RAC Foundation, LondonGoogle Scholar
  137. Preston J (2013) The economics of investment in high speed rail: summary and conclusions. International transport forum discussion papers, 2013/30. OECD Publishing, ParisGoogle Scholar
  138. Preston J, Wall G (2008) The ex-ante and ex-post economic and social impacts of the introduction of high-speed trains in South East England. Plan Pract Res 23(3):403–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Preston J, Wall G, Larbie A (2006) The impact of high speed trains on socio-economic activity: the case of Ashford (Kent). In: 4th conference on railroad industry structure, competition and investment, Madrid, SpainGoogle Scholar
  140. Priemus H, Nijkamp P, Banister D (2001) Mobility and spatial dynamics: an uneasy relationship. J Transp Geogr 9(3):167–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Puga D (1999) The rise and fall of regional inequalities. Eur Econ Rev 43:303–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Puga D (2002) European regional policies in light of recent location theories. J Econ Geogr 2:373–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Puga D (2006) Causes of sprawl: a portrait from space. Quart J Econ 121(2):587–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Railway Gazette (2017) Map of UPS intermodal rail freight routes between China and Europe. Retrieved 27 Apr 2017: http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/news/europe/single-view/view/ups-adds-siz-cities-to-china-europe-rail-freight-network.html
  145. Reggiani A (1998) Accessibility, trade and locational behaviour: An introduction. In: Reggiani A (ed) Accessibility, trade and locational behaviour. Ashgate, Aldershot, pp 1–14Google Scholar
  146. Reusser DE, Loukopoulos P, Stauffacher M, Scholz RW (2008) Classifying railway stations for sustainable transitions—balancing node and place functions. J Transp Geogr 16(3):191–202Google Scholar
  147. Rietveld P (2000) Non-motorized modes in transport systems: a multimodal chain perspective for the Netherlands. Transp Res 5D(1):31–36Google Scholar
  148. Rietveld P, Bruinsma F (1998) Is transport infrastructure effective?. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Romero V, Garmendia M (2009) The integration of peripheral historic cities in the Madrid urban region. The role of transport infrastructures. The EURA Newsletter, vol 26 (unpublished paper)Google Scholar
  150. Schneider JB (1993) Selecting and evaluating intermodal stations for intercity high-speed ground transportation. Transp Q 47(2):221–245MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  151. Schneider JB (1994) The design of intermodal stations for a high speed ground transportation system. US DOT/FRA: Final Report No. DOT/FRA/NMI-92/94, 277 ppGoogle Scholar
  152. SDG (Steer Davies Gleave) (2004) High speed rail: international comparisons. Final report for the commission for integrated transportGoogle Scholar
  153. SDG (Steer Davies Gleave) (2009) Potential for modal shift from air to rail for UK aviation. Final report for the committee on climate changeGoogle Scholar
  154. Spiekermann K, Wegener M (1994) The shrinking continent—new time-space maps of Europe. Environ Plan B Plan Design 21(6):653–673Google Scholar
  155. Spiekermann K, Wegener M (2004) Time-space maps of rail travel times, 1993–2020. Retrieved 20 Apr 2017: http://www.spiekermann-wegener.com/mod/time/time_e.htm
  156. Straatemeier T (2008) How to plan for regional accessibility. Transp Policy 15(2):127–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Tapiador FJ, Burckhart K, Martí-Henneberg J (2009) Characterizing European high-speed train stations using intermodal time and entropy metrics. Transp Res A Policy Pract 43:197–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Taylor C (2007) World speed survey 2007: TGV-Est lifts the record. Railw Gaz Int 163(9):553–558Google Scholar
  159. Taylor C (2009) Frequency wins over speed in the commercial stakes. Railw Gaz Int 165(10):63–69Google Scholar
  160. Thompson GL (1994) High-speed (HSR) in the United States. Why isn’t there more? Jpn Railw Transp Rev 3:32–39Google Scholar
  161. Torchin F, Grilly D, Combes S, Hasiak S, Menerault P (2008) High speed rail for regional transport: case studies in European countries. In: Paper presented at the european transport conferenceGoogle Scholar
  162. Torchin F, Grilly D, Combes S, Hasiak S, Menerault P (2009) Transport Ferroviaire Régional A Grande Vitesse—Des Exemples Européens. Bagneux Cedex, Ministere EEDA Sétra, p 48pGoogle Scholar
  163. Troche G (2005) High speed rail freight. Efficient train system for freight transport. KTH Railway Group Report 0512, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  164. Troin J-F (1995) Rail et aménagement du territoire. Edisud, Des héritages aux nouveaux défies. Aix-en-Provence, p 263Google Scholar
  165. Troin J-F (1997) Les gares TGV et le territoire: débats et enjeux. Annales de Geographie 593–594:34–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. UIC (International Union of Railways) (2009a) Evolution of maximum speed on rails. Retrieved 28 Jan 2011: http://www.uic.org/
  167. UIC (International Union of Railways) (2009b) Operation of high speed lines. Retrieved 28 Jan 2011: http://www.uic.org/
  168. UIC (International Union of Railways) (2010). High Speed and the City. Brochure. Paris: Passenger & High Speed DepartmentGoogle Scholar
  169. UIC (International Union of Railways) (2011) Carbon footprint of high speed rail. Brochure. Passenger & High Speed Department, ParisGoogle Scholar
  170. UIC (International Union of Railways) (2015a) Map of the european high speed network. Retrieved 20 Apr 2017: http://www.uic.org/high-speed-database-maps#&gid=1&pid=2
  171. UIC (International Union of Railways) (2015b) High speed rail: fast track to sustainable mobility. Brochure. Passenger & High Speed Department, ParisGoogle Scholar
  172. UNESCAP (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific) (2015) Review of developments in transport in Asia and the Pacific. United Nations, BangkokGoogle Scholar
  173. Urena JM (2008) Son las Infraestructuras Neutrales en la Ordenación del Territorio? I Congreso de Urbanismo y Ordenacion del Territorio, Colegio de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Bilbao 7–9 May, pp 33–52Google Scholar
  174. Urena JM (2012) Territorial Implications of High Speed Rail: A Spanish Perspective. Ashgate, FarnhamGoogle Scholar
  175. Urena JM, Coronado JM, Escobedo F, Ribalaygua C, Garmendia M (2006) Situaciones y retos territoriales de la Alta Velocidad Ferroviaria en Espana. Ciudad y Territorio-Estudios Territoriales 148:397–424Google Scholar
  176. Urena JM, Menendez JM, Guirao B, Escobedo F, Rodriguez FJ, Coronado JM, Ribalaygua C, Rivas A, Martinez A (2005) Alta Velocidad ferroviaria e integracion metropolitana en Espana: el caso de Ciudad Real y Puertollano. EURE Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Urbano Regionales 92:87–104Google Scholar
  177. Urena JM, Garmendia M, Coronado JM (2009a) Nuevos procesos de metropolizacion facilitados por la Alta Velocidad Ferroviaria. Ciudad y Territorio-Estudios Territoriales 159:213–232Google Scholar
  178. Urena JM, Menerault P, Garmendia M (2009b) The high-speed rail challenge for big intermediate cities: A nationa, regional and local perspective. Cities 26: 266–279.Google Scholar
  179. Urena JM, Garmendia M, Coronado JM, Vickerman RW, Romero V (2010) New metropolitan processes encouraged by high speed rail: the cases of London and Madrid. In: Proceedings of the 12th world conference on transport research, LisbonGoogle Scholar
  180. Urena JM, Ribalaygua C (2007) Les villes espagnoles saisies par la grande vitesse ferroviaire: strategies et projets. In: Bourdin A (ed) Mobilité et écologie urbaine. Descartes & Cie, Paris, pp 43–77Google Scholar
  181. US DOT-Department of Transport (1990) Passenger Transportation in High Density Corridors. Background Papers. Report SPA-90-1. Volpe National Trasportation Systems Center, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  182. van Ham J, Muilerman G (2002) Opportunities for time-sensitive intermodal rail freight. In Paper presented at the international congress on freight transport automation and multimodality, Delft, 23–24 MayGoogle Scholar
  183. Vickerman R (1987) The channel tunnel: consequences for regional development and growth. Reg Stud 21:187–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Vickerman R (1995) The regional impacts of trans-European networks. Ann Reg Sci 29:237–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Vickerman R (1997) High-speed rail in Europe: experience and issues for future development. Ann Reg Sci 31(1):21–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Vickerman R (1998) Accessibility, peripherality and spatial development: the question of choice. In: Reggiani A (ed) Accessibility trade and locational behaviour. Ashgate, AldershotGoogle Scholar
  187. Vickerman R (2006) Indirect and wider economic benefits of high speed rail. In: Fourth conference on railroad industry structure, competition and investment. Madrid, October 2006Google Scholar
  188. Vickerman R (2008) Transit investment and economic development. Res Transp Econ 23(1):107–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Vickerman R (2010) Myth and reality in the search for the wider benefits of transport. In: Van de Voorde E, Vanelslander T (eds) Applied transport economics: a management and policy perspective. De Boeck, Antwerp, pp 379–396Google Scholar
  190. Vickerman R (2012) High speed rail—The European experience. In: de Urena JM (ed) Territorial implications of high speed rail: a Spanish perspective. Ashgate, Farnham, pp 17–31Google Scholar
  191. Vickerman R (2013) The wide economic impacts of mega-projects in transport. In: Priemus H, van Wee B (eds) International handbook on mega-projects. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp 381–397Google Scholar
  192. Vickerman R, Spiekermann K, Wegener M (1999) Accessibility and economic development in Europe. Reg Stud 33(1):1–15Google Scholar
  193. Vickerman R, Ulied A (2009) Indirect and wider economic impacts of high speed rail. In: de Rus G (ed) Economic analysis of high speed rail in Europe. Fundacion BBVA, Madrid, pp 89–118Google Scholar
  194. Vuchic RV (2007) Urban transit systems and technology. Wiley, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Vuchic RV, Casello JM (2002) An evaluation of Maglev technology and its comparison with high speed rail. Transp Q 56(2):33–49Google Scholar
  196. Wardman M, Tyler J (2000) Rail network accessibility and the demand for inter-urban rail travel. Transp Rev 20(1):3–24Google Scholar
  197. Wegener M (2004) Overview of land use transport modes. In: Hensher D, Button KJ, Haynes KE, Stopher PR (eds) Handbook in transport, vol 5. Pergamon/Elsevier, Oxford, pp 127–146Google Scholar
  198. Wegener M, Fürst F (1999) Land-use transport interaction: state of the art. Institut für Raumplanung, DortmundGoogle Scholar
  199. Weibull JW (1976) An axiomatic approach to the measurement of accessibility. Reg Sci Urb Econ 6:357–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Weisbrod G (2008) Models to predict the economic development impact of transportation projects: historical experience and new applications. Ann Reg Sci 42(3):519–543Google Scholar
  201. Weisbrod G, Treyz F (1998) Productivity and accessibility: bridging project specific and macroeconomic analyses of transportation investments. J Transp Stat 1(3):65–79Google Scholar
  202. Wheat P, Nash C (2006) Policy effectiveness of rail—EU policy and its impact on the rail system. Eur Commun, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  203. Whitelegg J, Holzapfel H (1993) The conquest of distance by the destruction of time. The impact of high speed trains on society. In: Whitelegg J, Hulten S, Flink T (eds) High speed trains: fast tracks to the future. Leading Edge, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  204. Willigers J, Floor H, van Wee B (2003) Accessibility in land-use/transport interaction modelling: LUTI models as a method to determine the spatial-economic effects of high-speed railway infrastructure. RS-URBIX paper, Utrecht UniversityGoogle Scholar
  205. Willigers J, Floor H, van Wee B (2005) High speed rail’s impact on the location of office employment within the Dutch Randstad area. In: 45th Congress of the European Regional Science Association, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  206. Willigers J, Floor H, van Wee B (2007) Accessibility indicators for location choices of offices: an application to the intraregional distributive effects of high-speed rail in the Netherlands. Environ Plan A 39(9):2086–2098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Willigers J, van Wee B (2010) High speed rail and office location choices. A stated choice experiment for the Netherlands. J Transp Geogr. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2010

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polytechnic Department of Engineering and ArchitectureUniversity of UdineUdineItaly

Personalised recommendations