Mining and Human Rights
This chapter identifies a gap in the literature between the theoretical and philosophical motivations of corporate community development (CCD) and their practical applications. In recent years corporate community relations (CCR) has undergone a substantial change, moving from simply considering the fundamental ethical requirements of corporations, towards seeking to establish a role for corporations in contributing to community development. This change has led to a polarising debate, with proponents supporting the potential for corporations genuinely to contribute to a community and opponents perceiving the move as little more than a public relations exercise. This chapter suggests one catalyst for this debate may be the lack of a solid theoretical and philosophical foundation underpinning and guiding the development actions of corporations. While the rhetoric of human rights is often utilised as motivation for CCD the adequacy of this as a development framework is questioned. Consequently, this chapter explores the limitations of human rights as a development framework and proposes the capability approach as a more appropriate theoretical and philosophical framework to underpin the development aspirations of mining companies.
Corporate community development
Corporate community relations
Corporate social responsibility
International Council on Mining and Metals
International Standardization Organization
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
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