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Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

  • Tamsin ScholzEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Political Economy of the Asia Pacific book series (PEAP)

Abstract

This chapter argues the significant issues affecting artisanal and small-scale mining in the Asia-Pacific Region are caused by the profit-driven nature of the industry, which encourages poor practices to lower operational costs. Three key issues—environmental damage, health and safety and security—seriously impact on the industry, and will not be resolved without better legalisation of the industry. Environmental damage caused by poor mining practices is a key concern, and is not only an environmental issue. It also has a significant impact on the health of miners and their local communities, which is further compounded by poor safety standards and a lack of knowledge and skills. The establishment of artisanal and small-scale mining camps also has lead to increased violence as a result of community breakdown, and security is further threatened by conflicting relationships with large-scale mining corporations and state governments. The hazardous nature of the industry limits its potential, and without the introduction of standardised regulations, it will continue to be affected negatively by these issues.

Abbreviations

ASM

Artisanal and Small-scale Mining

CASM

Community and Small-Scale Mining

LSM

Large-scale Mining

PNG

Papua New Guinea

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for International Risk, School of Communication, International Studies and LanguagesUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

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