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Introduction

  • Terry O’CallaghanEmail author
  • Geordan Graetz
Chapter
Part of the The Political Economy of the Asia Pacific book series (PEAP)

Abstract

Late on the afternoon of 5 November 2015, the Fundão iron ore tailings dam collapsed. An estimated 60 billion litres of tailings flowed down the Santarém Valley, located in the south-eastern region of Brazil. The ‘mudslide’ destroyed Bento Rodrigues, a small town located below the dam wall. It also washed away nearby roads and bridges, and flowed into the Doce River. The waste plume flowed downstream for some 600 km, draining into the Atlantic Ocean. The plume then traversed the coastline of Espirito Santo, a neighbouring state, before gradually dispersing (Australian Broadcasting Commission 2015). Nineteen people died in the incident; while many others seriously were injured. This was a calamity, not only for those directly affected by the dam collapse, but also for the Brazilian economy.

Abbreviations

ARD

Acid Rock Drainage

CEO

Chief Executive Officer

CSG

Coal Seam Gas

CSR

Corporate Social Responsibility

DRC

Democratic Republic of Congo

DSTP

Deep Sea Mine Tailings Placement

ICMM

International Council on Mining and Metals

IFOE

International Friends of The Earth

RN

Resource Nationalism

SLO

Social Licence to Operate

SOE

State-Owned Enterprises

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for International Risk, School of Communication, International Studies and LanguagesThe University of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

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