The Impact of Climate Change and Air Pollution on the Caribbean

  • Muge Akpinar-ElciEmail author
  • Olaniyi OlayinkaEmail author
Part of the Springer Climate book series (SPCL)


A review of air pollution, the impact of climate change on air pollution, and the population health impacts of these in the Caribbean region are discussed. Air quality standards are not usually enforced in many Caribbean countries thereby increasing the risks of morbidity and mortality from exposure to air pollutants. Among people living in the Caribbean, an increase in respiratory diseases such as asthma has been linked to exposure to air pollutants resulting from natural events and especially human activities. Unfortunately, dependence on fossil fuels (regionally and globally), poor land use and waste management, and industrialization all contribute to poor air quality in the Caribbean. In addition, climate change is predicted to exacerbate air pollution and its negative health effects in a region considered to be one of the most vulnerable to global climate change. Key drivers of air pollution in the region are discussed, and recommendations on climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies are highlighted.


Air pollution Caribbean Particulate matter Air quality Climate change Health impacts 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Community & Environmental Health and Center for Global HealthOld Dominion UniversityNorfolkUSA

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