Bowel Preparation and Factors Correlated with Patients and Parents

Chapter

Abstract

The quality of the colonic cleansing greatly influences the success rate of colonoscopy, both in terms of diagnostic and therapeutic potentialities. Different bowel cleansing solutions are available for children, but no standard regimens have been realized yet, as well as a standardized approach to an inadequately prepared colon discovered on intubation. Suboptimal colonic preparation can occur in up to one-third of colonoscopies. Colonic cleansing quality has to be properly reported in colonoscopy reports.

Keywords

Bowel cleansing Bowel preparation Colonoscopy Pediatrics 

References

  1. 1.
    Rex DK, Petrini JL, Baron TH, et al. ASGE/ACG Taskforce on Quality in Endoscopy. Quality indicators for colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006;101:873–85.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hunter A, Mamula P. Bowel preparation for pediatric colonoscopy procedures. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010;51:254–61.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pall H, Zacur GM, Kramer RE, et al. Bowel preparation for pediatric colonoscopy: report of the NASPGHAN Endoscopy and Procedures Committee. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014;59:409–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    ASGE Standards of Practice Committee, Lightdale JR, Acosta R, Shergill AK, et al. Modifications in endoscopic practice for pediatric patients. Gastrointest Endosc. 2014;79:699–710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Phatak UP, Johnson S, Husain SZ, et al. Two-day bowel preparation with polyethylene glycol 3350 and bisacodyl: a new, safe, and effective regimen for colonoscopy in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011;53:71–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    US Food and Drug Administration. Information for healthcare professionals: oral sodium phosphate (OSP) products for bowel cleansing (marketed as Visicol and OsmoPrep, and oral sodium phosphate products available without a prescription). 2008. http://www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders/ucm126084.htm. Accessed 1 May 2014.
  7. 7.
    Adamiak T, Altaf M, Jensen MK, et al. One-day bowel preparation with polyethylene glycol 3350: an effective regimen for colonoscopy in children. Gastrointest Endosc. 2010;71:573–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marshall JB, Pineda JJ, Barthel JS, et al. Prospective, randomized trial comparing sodium phosphate solution with polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage for colonoscopy preparation. Gastrointest Endosc. 1993;39:631–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jimenez-Rivera C, Haas D, Boland M, et al. Comparison of two common outpatient preparations for colonoscopy in children and youth. Gastroenterol Res Pract. 2009;2009:518932.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Turner D, Benchimol EI, Dunn H, et al. Pico-Salax versus polyethylene glycol for bowel cleanout before colonoscopy in children: a randomized controlled trial. Endoscopy. 2009;41:1038–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Turner D, Levine A, Weiss B, et al. Evidence-based recommendations for bowel cleansing before colonoscopy in children: a report from a national working group. Endoscopy. 2010;42:1063–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pashankar DS, Uc A, Bishop WP. Polyethylene glycol 3350 without electrolytes: a new safe, effective, and palatable bowel preparation for colonoscopy in children. J Pediatr. 2004;144:358–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Safder S, Demintieva Y, Rewalt M, et al. Stool consistency and stool frequency are excellent clinical markers for adequate colon preparation after polyethylene glycol 3350 cleansing protocol: a prospective clinical study in children. Gastrointest Endosc. 2008;68:1131–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jibaly R, LaChance J, Lecea NA, et al. The utility of PEG3350 without electrolytes for 2-day colonoscopy preparation in children. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2011;21:318–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Terry NA, Chen-Lim ML, Ely E, et al. Polyethylene glycol powder solution vs. senna for bowel preparation for colonoscopy in children: a prospective, randomized, investigator-blinded trial. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013;56:215–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Abbas MI, Nylund CM, Bruch CJ, et al. Prospective evaluation of 1-day polyethylene glycol-3350 bowel preparation regimen in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013;56:220–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Najafi M, Fallahi GH, Motamed F, et al. Comparison of one and two-day bowel preparation with polyethylene glycol in pediatric colonoscopy. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2015;26:232–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Valiante F, Pontone S, Hassan C, et al. A randomized controlled trial evaluating a new 2-L PEG solution plus ascorbic acid vs 4-L PEG for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy. Dig Liver Dis. 2012;44:224–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hassan C, Bretthauer M, Kaminski MF, et al. Bowel preparation for colonoscopy: European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guideline. Endoscopy. 2013;45:142–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rex DK, Bond JH, Winawer S, et al. Quality in the technical performance of colonoscopy and the continuous quality improvement process for colonoscopy: recommendations of the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002;97:1296–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Calderwood AH, Jacobson BC. Comprehensive validation of the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale. Gastrointest Endosc. 2010;72:686–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    ASGE Standards of Practice Committee, Saltzman JR, Cash BD, Pasha SF, et al. Bowel preparation before colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc. 2015;81:781–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fayad NF, Kahi CJ, Abd El-Jawad KH, et al. Association between body mass index and quality of split bowel preparation. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013;11:1478–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rigaux J, Juriens I, Devière J. A novel system for the improvement of colonic cleansing during colonoscopy. Endoscopy. 2012;44:703–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hagiwara S, Nakayama Y, Tagawa M, et al. Pediatric patient and parental anxiety and impressions related to initial gastrointestinal endoscopy: a Japanese multicenter questionnaire study. Scientifica (Cairo). 2015;2015:797564.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric Gastroenterology and Cystic Fibrosis Unit, Department of Human Pathology in Adulthood and Childhood “G. Barresi”University of MessinaMessinaItaly

Personalised recommendations