Policy Direction: Focus on Prevention

  • Tanya S. Hinds
  • Angelo P. Giardino
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Public Health book series (BRIEFSPUBLIC)


Child physical abuse is a complex clinical phenomenon. There are multiple child, parental and community factors that interact to contribute to child maltreatment including child physical abuse. The ecological model of child maltreatment involves interacting factors between the child, family, community and society that modify each other over time (Sidebotham 2001; Belsky 1980, 1993). These factors tend to be grouped into protective and risk factor categories. When risk factors overwhelm protective factors, child physical abuse is more likely and the likelihood of negative outcomes increases. Risk factors associated with physical abuse however and should not be viewed as a causal mechanism. Rather, it is important to consider all factors that have a role in maltreatment when planning program and policy development in child maltreatment prevention.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tanya S. Hinds
    • 1
    • 2
  • Angelo P. Giardino
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.The Freddie Mac Foundation Child and Adolescent Protection CenterChildren’s National Health SystemWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.The George Washington UniversityWashington, DCUSA
  3. 3.Texas Children’s HospitalHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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