Mechanical Support, Heart Transplant
There is a range of cardio-respiratory support from simple intra-aortic balloon catheters, ventricular assist devices (VADs), total artificial heart (TAH), and ventilation membranes, to advanced extracorporeal life support (ECLS) circuits.
The choice of device depends on the patient’s cardiac status and whether the patient has adequate ventilation (CO2 elimination) and oxygenation.
Mechanical circulatory support for patients with advanced heart failure has evolved considerably and is standard therapy at many medical centers.
Echocardiography can help assess the need, implementation, detect complications, and weaning of mechanical support.