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Personalized Medicine and Resurrected Hopes for the Management of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Modular Approach Based on GSK-3β Inhibitors

  • Reem K. ArafaEmail author
  • Nehal H. Elghazawy
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1007)

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the most common neurological disorders with vast reaching worldwide prevalence. Research attempts to decipher what’s happening to the human mind have shown that pathogenesis of AD is associated with misfolded protein intermediates displaying tertiary structure conformational changes eventually leading to forming large polymers of unwanted aggregates. The two hallmarks of AD pathological protein aggregates are extraneuronal β-amyloid (Aβ) based senile plaques and intraneuronal neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). As such, AD is categorized as a protein misfolding neurodegenerative disease (PMND). Therapeutic interventions interfering with the formation of these protein aggregates have been widely explored as potential pathways for thwarting AD progression. One such tactic is modulating the function of enzymes involved in the metabolic pathways leading to formation of these misfolded protein aggregates. Much evidence has shown that glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) plays a key role in hyperphosphorylation of tau protein leading eventually to its aggregation to form NFTs. Data presented hereby will display a plethora of information as to how to interfere with progression of AD through the route of GSK-3β activity control.

Keywords

Alzheimer’s disease GSK-3β inhibitors Extraneuronal senile plaques Intraneuronal neurofibrillary tangles Protein misfolding neurodegenerative disease Tau-hyperphosphorylation 

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Copyright information

© American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zewail City of Science and TechnologyCairoEgypt

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