Advertisement

Climate Change

  • Antonio A. Romano
  • Giuseppe Scandurra
  • Alfonso Carfora
  • Monica Ronghi
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Climate Studies book series (BRIEFSCLIMATE)

Abstract

This chapter deepens the thermal balance of the Earth-Atmosphere System with respect to the balance between the incoming solar energy in the system and that the outgoing radiation heat. It introduces the concept of the greenhouse effect – analyzing the natural and the enhanced greenhouse effect – and outlines the role that the gases contained in the atmosphere have in determining the global average temperature of the Earth’s surface. It also introduces the concept of reaction and the important influence that it has in the evolution of thermal equilibrium of the Earth System. From the scientific evidence of global warming, also outline the requirements to mitigate the consequences of climate change and, given the long permanence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, to provide measures for adaptation to the effects of global heating.

Keywords

Radiation Solar energy Global mean energy balance Climate change Global warming Greenhouse gas Natural greenhouse effects Enhanced greenhouse effect Adaptation Mitigation 

References

  1. Åström KJ, Murray RM (2010) “§1.1: What is feedback?”. Feedback Systems: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers. Princeton University Press/Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New York, p 1Google Scholar
  2. Hansen J, Ruedy R, Sato M, Lo K (2010) Global surface temperature change. Rev Geophys 48(4)IPCC, 2013: Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. Contribution of working group I to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (Stoker TF, Qin D, Plattner G-K, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgley PM (eds.))Google Scholar
  3. Mann ME, Bradley RS, Hughes MK (1999) Northern hemisphere temperatures during the past millennium: Inferences, uncertainties, and limitations. Geophys Res Lett 26(6):759–762. doi: 10.1029/1999GL900070 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Mann ME, Zhang Z, Hughes MK, Bradley RS, Miller SK, Rutherford S, Ni F (2008) Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global surface temperature variations over the past two millennia. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 105(36): 13252–13257, doi:10.1073/pnas.0805721105, PMC 2527990, PMID 18765811Google Scholar
  5. Trenberth K, Fasullo J, Kiehl J (2009) Earth’s global energy budget. Bulletin of the American Meteorological SocietyGoogle Scholar
  6. IPCC (2013) Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report OverviewGoogle Scholar
  7. IPCC (2014) Climate change 2014: fifth assessment report. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report OverviewGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio A. Romano
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Scandurra
    • 1
  • Alfonso Carfora
    • 2
  • Monica Ronghi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Management Studies and Quantitative MethodsUniversity of Naples “Parthenope”NaplesItaly
  2. 2.Italian Revenue AgencyRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations