Azerbaijan: Civil Society and the Petroleum Sector

  • Kenan Aslanli
Chapter

Abstract

Public debate and public participation in decision-making are strictly limited in Azerbaijan. This chapter describes how key decisions about the petroleum sector are made exclusively by top officials and members of government. Individual citizens are largely excluded from processes of policy formulation, decision-making and opinion formation. Civil society activists are active in the social media, but public policy debates are otherwise almost non-existent. Shortcomings among civil society organizations combined with government-imposed constraints have left the country’s civil society stunted. The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) has provided the only platform for civil society to engage with industry and government to discuss petroleum-sector management. In 2015, however, Azerbaijan lost its compliant status under this initiative by failing to meet the new EITI Standard, largely due to the government’s failure to engage civil society.

Keywords

Azerbaijan Oil Gas Civil society EITI Authoritarianism DemocracyPetroleum governance Civil society Decision-making 

References

  1. Ahmadov, Ingilab. 2016. Azerbaijan’s New Macroeconomic Reality: How to Adapt to Low Oil Prices. Caucasus Analytical Digest. http://www.laender-analysen.de/cad/pdf/CaucasusAnalyticalDigest83.pdf. Accessed on 1 October 2016.
  2. Ahmadov, Ingilab, Kenan Aslanli, and Rasim Musabeyov. 2010. The Impact of the Oil and Gas Revenues to the Social Tension: Case of Azerbaijan. http://www.budget.az/upload/files/408_The_impact_of_the_oil_and_gas_revenues_to_the_social_tension_-_Aze.pdf. Accessed on 10 June 2015.
  3. Allahyarova, Tahira, and Farhad Mammadov. 2010. Political Parties in Azerbaijan: From Election to Election. Centre for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. http://sam.gov.az/uploads/files/siyasi_partiyalar.pdf. Accessed on 1 October 2016.
  4. Aslanli, Kenan. 2013. IRM Progress Report for Azerbaijan 2012–2013. Open Government Partnership. http://www.opengovpartnership.org/country/azerbaijan. Accessed on 11 July 2016.
  5. ———. 2014. What Is the Link between Chamber of Accounts and Traffic Jam? Azadliq Radiosu. http://www.azadliq.mobi/a/25233522.html. Accessed on 25 February 2015.
  6. ———. 2015. Fiscal Sustainability and the State Oil Fund in Azerbaijan. Journal of Eurasian Studies 6 (2): 114–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. ———. 2016. Lower Oil Revenues, Higher Public Debt: The Fiscal Policy Implications of Low Oil Prices in Azerbaijan. Caucasus Analytical Digest. http://www.laender-analysen.de/cad/pdf/CaucasusAnalyticalDigest83.pdf. Accessed on 1 October 2016.
  8. Aslanli, Kenan, Rovshan Agayev, Azer Mehtiyev, and Zohrab Ismayil. 2012. Assessment of Economic and Export Diversification of Azerbaijan. http://www.resourcegovernance.org/sites/default/files/documents/rwi_azerbaijanassessmentofeconomicexportdiversification.pdf. Accessed on 1 October 2016.
  9. Azay Guliyev. 2016. Meeting of NGOs and Establishing Anti-Crisis Working Groups on the Proposals about Public Control Mechanisms. http://qhtxeber.az/news/a-53881.html. Accessed on 14 January 2016.
  10. Azerbaijan Trade Unions Confederation. 2015. Information about the Confederation. http://www.ahik.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=104&Itemid=53&lang=en. Accessed on 17 July 2015.
  11. Barry, Ellen. 2009. In Azerbaijan, a Donkey Suit Provokes Laughs and, Possibly, Arrests. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/15/world/asia/15azerbaijan.html. Accessed on 10 June 2015.
  12. Bertelsmann Foundation. 2015. Bertelsmann Transformation Index. http://www.bti-project.org/index/. Accessed on 2 December 2016.
  13. Bhatta, Gambhir. 2006. International Dictionary of Public Management and Governance. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Bottger, Katrin, and Mariella Falkenhain. 2011. The EU’s Policy towards Azerbaijan: What Role for Civil Society? http://iep-berlin.de/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/spes_Policy_Paper_2011__The__EUs__policy__towards_Azerbaijan_boettger_falkenhain.pdf. Accessed on 14 January 2015.
  15. BP. 2015a. BP in Azerbaijan at a Glance. http://www.bp.com/en_az/caspian/aboutus/ataglance.html. Accessed on 17 July 2015.
  16. ———. 2015b. BP Sponsorship Projects. http://www.bp.com/en_az/caspian/sustainability/Society/BP-sponsorship-prorammes.html. Accessed on 17 July 2015.
  17. Central Election Commission’s Information Centre. 2015. Archive of Election Results. https://www.infocenter.gov.az/archive/millimeclis2015.aspx. Accessed on 5 December 2015.
  18. Centre for Economic and Social Development. 2014, December 30. Assessment of Effect of Declining Oil Prices on Azerbaijan Economy. http://cesd.az/new/?p=8872. Accessed on 15 July 2015.
  19. CIVICUS Civil Society Index. 2006. CSI Indicator Database. http://csi.civicus.org/. Accessed on 3 February 2017.
  20. Committee to Protect Journalists. 2014. In Azerbaijan, Media Watchdog Raided, Equipment Confiscated. https://www.cpj.org/2014/08/in-azerbaijan-media-watchdog-raided-equipment-conf.php. Accessed on 21 July 2015.
  21. Cumhuriyyet. 2016. Re-Al Organized the Round Table. http://cumhuriyyet.org/xeberler/527-real-in-teshebbusu-ile-deyirmi-masa-kechirildi. Accessed on 19 January 2016.
  22. Ergun, Ayça. 2010. Post-Soviet Political Transformation in Azerbaijan: Political Elite, Civil Society and the Trials of Democratization. Uluslararası İlişkiler 7 (26): 67–85.Google Scholar
  23. EU Eastern Partnership. 2014. The List of Political Prisoners in Azerbaijan. http://eap-csf.eu/assets/files/List_of_Political_Prisoners_AZ-(2)-(1).pdf. Accessed on 8 August 2015.
  24. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Azerbaijan. 2015. Multi-Stakeholder Group. http://www.eiti.az/index.php/en/mhsht-ve-azerbaycan-2/multi-stakeholder-group. Accessed on 21 July 2015.
  25. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative NGO Coalition in Azerbaijan. 2015. Azerbaijan Downgraded to Candidate Country. http://eiti-ngo-azerbaijan.org/?p=986. Accessed on 21 July 2015.
  26. Global Witness. 2013. Azerbaijan Anonymous Report. https://www.globalwitness.org/archive/mystery-figure-behind-azerbaijans-state-oil-company-revealed/. Accessed on 1 December 2015.
  27. Guardian. 2015. Azeri Government Behind Foreign Media Ban, Say European Games Officials. The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/sport/2015/jun/13/european-games-media-ban-azerbaijan-guardian. Accessed on 13 June 2015.
  28. Institute of Economy. 2015. The History of the Institute of Economy. http://www.economics.com.az/en/index.php/about-us/history.html. Accessed on 21 July 2015.
  29. International Budget Partnership. 2015a. Azerbaijan Country Summary. http://internationalbudget.org/what-we-do/open-budget-survey/country-info/?country=az. Accessed on 20 July 2015.
  30. International Center for Not-for-Profit Law. 2015. NGO Law Monitor: Azerbaijan. http://www.icnl.org/research/monitor/azerbaijan.html. Accessed on 22 April 2015.
  31. ———. 2016. Civic Freedom Monitor: Azerbaijan. http://www.icnl.org/research/monitor/azerbaijan.html. Accessed on 28 October 2016.
  32. HRW. 2013. Azerbaijan: Crackdown on Civil Society. https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/09/02/azerbaijan-crackdown-civil-society. Accessed on 8 March 2017.
  33. Human Rights House Foundation. 2015. Unprecedented Crackdown on Civil Society in Azerbaijan Ahead of European Olympic Games, Says Report. http://humanrightshouse.org/Articles/20947.html. Accessed on 8 March 2017.
  34. Kalyuzhnova, Yelena, and Michael Kaser. 2005. Prudential Management of Hydrocarbon Revenues in Resource-Rich Economies. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Yelena_Kalyuzhnova2/publication/24086032_Prudential_Management_of_Hydrocarbon_Revenues_in_Resource-rich_Transition_Economies/links/53ea27260cf2dc24b3cb0e13.pdf. Accessed on 22 April 2015.
  35. Knezevic, Milana. 2015. Azerbaijan: Independent Newspaper Azadliq Faces Imminent Closure. https://www.indexoncensorship.org/2015/06/azerbaijan-independent-newspaper-azadliq-faces-imminent-closure/. Accessed on 25 June 2015.
  36. Lecarte, Jacques. 2015. Azerbaijan’s Political Parties and the EU: At a Glance. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank. Accessed on 19 July 2015.
  37. Letter of Concern to OGP Steering Committee by Publish What You Pay, CIVICUS and Article 19. http://www.opengovpartnership.org/responsepolicy. Accessed on 2 March 2015.
  38. Medzjid, Faik. 2014. In Azerbaijan, Public Movement ‘ReAl’ Founds Political Party. Caucasian Knot. http://eng.kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/28276/. Accessed on 29 May 2014.
  39. Natural Resource Governance Institute. 2013. Resource Governance Index. http://www.resourcegovernance.org/resource-governance-index. Accessed on 3 February 2017.
  40. ———. 2015. Oil Workers Rights Protection Organization Organized the Workshop for CSO Representatives. http://www.resourcegovernance.org/news/blog/oil-workers%E2%80%99-rights-protection-organization-workshop-cso-representatives-ogp-monitoring-re. Accessed on 17 July 2015.
  41. Nerimanoglu, Bekir. 2015. Chamber of Accounts Which Can Not Account. Virtual Azerbaijan. http://www.virtualaz.org/bugun/12752. Accessed on 7 November 2015.
  42. Radio Liberty. 2016. Companies Embezzling Public Money. http://www.azadliq.org/content/article/27085338.html. Accessed on 2 January 2016.
  43. Reporters Without Borders. 2012. The World Press Freedom Index. https://rsf.org/en/world-press-freedom-index. Accessed on 3 February 2017.
  44. Shirinov, Rashad. 2015. Civil Society in Azerbaijan: Testing Alternative Theories. Caucasus Analytical Digest. http://www.laender-analysen.de/cad/pdf/CaucasusAnalyticalDigest79.pdf. Accessed on 2 December 2016.
  45. State Statistics Committee. 2016. Macroeconomic and Fiscal Dataset. http://www.stat.gov.az. Accessed on 2 December 2016.
  46. Strategic Research Centre. 2011. Elections 2010. Initial Stage of the Parliamentary Elections: Who Is Ready? http://sam.az/articles/view/elections-2010-initial-stage-of-the-parliamentary-elections-who-is-readyij-1/en. Accessed on 5 January 2015.
  47. ———. 2015. Frequently Asked Questions about the SAM. http://sam.az/articles/view/sizi-maraqlandran-suallar-1/en. Accessed on 21 July 2015.
  48. Transparency International. 2012. Corruption Perception Index 2012. http://www.transparency.org/cpi2012/results. Accessed on 3 February 2017.
  49. ———. 2014. Corruption Risks in Eurasia: Spotlight on Azerbaijan and Moldova. http://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_risks_azerbaijan_moldova. Accessed on 15 July 2015.
  50. ———. 2015. Azerbaijan Country Information. http://www.transparency.org/country/#AZE. Accessed on 2 December 2016.
  51. UNDP. 2012. Human Development Index. http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi. Accessed on 3 February 2017.
  52. Voice of America. 2013. The Speech of Jamil Hasanli in Washington DC. http://www.amerikaninsesi.org/content/cemil-hesenli/1795701.html. Accessed on 23 November 2013.
  53. World Economic Forum. 2013. The Global Competitiveness Report 2013–2013. https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-global-competitiveness-report-2016-2017-1. Accessed on 3 February 2017.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenan Aslanli
    • 1
  1. 1.Public Finance Monitoring CenterBakuAzerbaijan

Personalised recommendations