Variations on Public Brainpower: Findings from Country Case Studies of Oil- and Gas-Producing Countries

  • Indra Overland
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter sums up the 18 case-study chapters that make up the bulk of the volume and prepares the ground for the concluding chapter. It begins by reviewing and highlighting the case-study findings, followed by notes and reflections on some general challenges encountered in the preparation of the book and the research conducted for the case studies. Inaccessibility of information and lack of expertise in some countries indicate a lack of available minds and voices to record, analyse, comment on and propose changes to petroleum policy in those countries. The impact of censorship extends well beyond the borders of authoritarian states, affecting, for instance, the statements and publications of foreign experts who may fear losing access to visas and contacts in countries where they have spent their entire careers building up their professional competence.

Keywords

Censorship Petroleum history Authoritarianism Algeria Angola Azerbaijan Canada Colombia Egypt Iraq Kazakhstan Libya Netherlands Nigeria Norway Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia UAE UK Venezuela Public brainpower Natural resources Oil Gas Petroleum governance 

References

  1. Almond, Gabriel Abraham, and Sidney Verba. 1965. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Boston, MA: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  2. Dahl, Robert. 1956. A Preface to Democratic Theory. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  3. ———. 1989. Democracy and its Critics. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Habermas, Jürgen. 1962. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Overland, Indra. 2011. Close Encounters: Russian Policymaking and International Oil Companies. In Russia’s Encounter with Globalization: Actors, Processes and Critical Moments, ed. Julie Wilhelmsen and Elana Rowe, 134–158. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  6. Putnam, Robert. 1995. Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital. Journal of Democracy 6: 65–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. ———. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Putnam, Robert, Robert Leonardi, and Raffaella Nanetti. 1994. Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Indra Overland
    • 1
  1. 1.Head of the Energy ProgrammeNorwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI)OsloNorway

Personalised recommendations